Taariikh-nololeedka Ciyaaryahankii Xulka Hargeysa ee Dheereeye oo Geeriyooday

Taariikh-nololeedka Ciyaaryahankii Xulka Hargeysa ee Dheereeye oo Geeriyooday

August 21, 2014 – Written by Ali jaamac

Allaah ha u naxariistee marxuum Maxamed Axmed Maxamed (Dheereeye) waxa uu ka mid ahaa xiddigihii kooxda kubadda cagta ee Gobolka Hargeysa sannadihii siddeetamaadkii.

Sawirrada marxuum Dheereeye oo la dhashay saddex carruur ah iyo aabbihii Axmed Maxamed

Haddaba, waxa aynnu qormadan ku soo bandhigi doonnaa taariikh-nololeedkii marxuum Dheereeye. Waxa uu ku dhashay xaafadda Geed-goble ee caasimadda Hargeysa sannadkii 1959kii. Aabbihii waxa uu ahaa dadkii la soo shaqeeyay mustacmaraddii Ingiriiska, waxaannu madax ka noqday waaxdii isgaadhsiinta ee maamulkii gumaystaha ee Somaliland ka talinayey ka hor 1960-kii, waxaannu aabbihii geeriyooday isagoo aad u yar, da’diisuna ahayd 9 jir.

 

Waxbarashadiisii qur’aanka waxa uu ka bilaabay malcaamad ku taallay xaafadda Geed-goble, waxana naanaysta Dheereeye ee uu caanka ku ahaa u bixiyey macallinkii malcaamadda u bilaabay oo la odhan jiray Aw Xasan.

Xiddigihii Ciyaaryahannada reer Hargeysa ee sannadihii siddeetamaadkii

Madrasadda wuxuu ka ahaa inamada ugu sarreeya xagga aqoonta ee mar walba imtixaanka ku guulaysan jiray kaalinta koowaad amma labaad. Yaraantiisii waxa uu aad u jeclaa ciyaarta kubbadda cagta oo heer lagu xasuusan karo ka gaadhay. La soco qaybo kale oo ka mid taariikh-nololeedka marxuum Dheereeye…..

 

Xigasho: Jamhuuriya

Somaliland1991

Ophir Heads For Somaliland Exit

Ophir Heads For Somaliland Exit

Eoin O’Cinneide 

Ophir Energy is looking to quit its offshore Somaliland acreage, with the Africa-focused player also aiming to dispose of its interests off the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) in Western Sahara.

The London-listed player is also set to let a production-sharing contract off West Africa lapse and said it did not take up a second phase of a contract of Ghana following a duster earlier this year.

Ophir used to have a 75% stake in blocks SL9 and SL12, known as the Berbera blocks, off the semi-autonomous Somali territory of Somaliland, before farming out a 50% stake in each last year.

The explorer said on Thursday, however, that it is now looking to shed its remaining 25% holding in the acreage, which covers 24,420 square kilometers and sits in water depths of up to 1425 meters.

Norwegian player DNO denied on Thursday that it is looking to get out of its Somaliland acreage after a team working for it reportedly came under fire recently.

In SADR, the company currently has a 50% operated stake in four offshore blocks – Daora, Haouza, Mahbes and Mijek – together covering 74,327 square kilometers in water depths of between 200 meters and 2500 meters.

“Ophir is negotiating an agreement to dispose of its interests in SADR in exchange for an overriding royalty,” the company said on Thursday.

The explorer also looks like it is ready to quit the AGC Profond block in the joint development zone off Senegal and Guinea-Bissau, where it has a 79.2% operated stake. The block covers 9838 square kilometers in waters depths of 75 meters to 3500 meters.

“Interpretation of the 3D seismic survey undertaken in 2013 has continued and, whilst a number of promising leads and prospects have been identified, the production sharing contract is set to expire in September,” Ophir said.

Ophir bit dust at the Starfish-1 probe off Accra, Ghana last summer with the drillship Stena DrillMax, going deeper than originally planned. Although partners in the Offshore Accra Contract Area were given a six-month extension to begin exploration and bring in new players, operator Ophir decided not to accept the extension – which was set to end in September.

The company’s website no longer lists Ghana among its assets in Africa.

Ophir reported a net profit of $339.05 million in the first half, due to its farm-out in three blocks in Tanzania to Pavilion Energy for $1.25 billion. It did, however, booked a writedown of $65.9 million on the unsuccessful Affanga Deep-1 well in the Gnodo block off Gabon.

Shares were up around 4% in London at 9:30am on Thursday.

Source: Upstream

DNO Denies Somaliland Exit

Steve Marshall 

DNO has categorically denied that it intends to pull out of Somaliland after a team working for the Norwegian independent reportedly came under fire in the breakaway region of Somalia.

The team was carrying out a water survey for DNO in the Hudun area within its operated onshore exploration block SL-18 on 11 August when gunshots were reportedly fired in the vicinity at around 3:30pm, a company spokesman confirmed in an email to Upstream.

“No one was injured and the team was immediately repatriated to Hargeysa. The Somaliland authorities are investigating the matter further,” he stated.

The survey was being carried out as part of a DNO-funded project to provide local communities with safe drinking water. The company did not disclose the nationality of the team.

However, the spokesman added that “it is not correct that DNO is pulling out of Somaliland”, refuting local media reports that claimed the company was heading for the exit in the autonomous region due to the growing security threat.

Oslo-listed DNO holds a 60% operating stake in the block, its sole asset in the self-declared independent territory in north-west Somalia that it entered last year.

The explorer, which is targeting spending of between $10 million and $20 million on its Somaliland operations, has carried out a study of remote data and intends to gather more seismic data in the license.

However, deals signed by the regional administration with oil companies are deemed illegal by the Mogadishu-based central government.

“As in every country in which we operate, the safety and security of operations is our first priority,” the DNO spokesman said.

“We are in regular contact with the Somaliland authorities and closely monitor the security situation in Block SL-18.”

Somaliland’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohamed Behi Yonis was quoted as saying by the Wall Street Journal that he had heard about the Hudun gunfire incident but didn’t know the full details.

He said the region’s authorities were in the process of recruiting a security force of about 420 personnel, paid for by oil companies, to protect its oil assets. “We won’t have any events then,” he added.

The Somaliland move to form an independent security force has though reportedly come under scrutiny by United Nations monitors as Somalia is the subject of an arms embargo aimed at curbing years of conflict in the volatile Horn of Africa state.

Meanwhile, London-listed Ophir Energy said on Thursday it was pulling out of its acreage off Somaliland.

Genel Energy has temporarily suspended seismic operations in Somaliland “due to a deterioration in the security environment”, having reportedly pulled out staff last year amid escalating violence.

“Discussions continue with the Somaliland government in order to facilitate a resumption of activity,” the London-listed company stated on its website.

The Anglo-Turkish company, led by ex-BP boss Tony Hayward, acquired operating stakes in five onshore blocks covering a total of 40,300 square kilometers – an area the size of Iraqi Kurdistan – in 2012 and is targeting resource potential of around 2 billion barrels of oil in the underexplored region.

Read more on the DNO incident in Somaliland in Friday’s edition of Upstream newspaper.

Source: Upstream

Somaliland – “Outside My Front Door”

By The Travel Camel

The Fajr or pre-dawn Islamic prayer call from the nearby mosque breaks the hush of the dark streets. I was already awake before it commenced, for my week long stay had already accustomed to not being asleep at this time. I lay in bed for a while longer before I hauled myself over to my laptop to check the Internet.

The skies outside brighten and the activity increases, so after consuming the standard scrambled eggs offered as breakfast at the Oriental Hotel it is time to sally forth into what the World Tourism Organization considers to be one of the least visited tourist destinations in the world. I am in Somaliland, a self-declared nation that views itself as separate from the more infamous Somalia, though with the exception of Ethiopia, no nation recognizes this self-declared status.

Somaliland has its own currency, government (which even had a peaceful transition of power after the election in 2010), parliament, security forces and own tourist visa process, yet they have been denied any chance of nationhood. The local people are confused about this situation, and I am too.

As is usual, I immerse myself in a destination, and the Oriental Hotel was perfectly located within the central activity area of Hargeysa – namely the money chargers and main market. In what is possibly a unique situation in the world, money changers in Hargeysa leave their walls of money sitting in the street – and none of this is protected by any weapon or any security device. This is a testament to the incredibly safety within the streets. This money is worth a small fortune anywhere in the world, but in a place such as Somaliland where the cost of living is so cheap, this becomes a princely sum. Around the corner women sell gold jewellery, and they can leave them unattended in simple class cases without any fear of theft.

The main market was only a few blocks away along and across dusty streets. This was a market entirely designed for locals – there was nary a souvenir in sight and the place was filled with Somalilanders going about their daily affairs. Somaliland is only behind Iraq as the friendliest place I have ever visited, and this hospitality was evident during any visit to the market. I could barely walk for more than five minutes before complete strangers asked me to sit for a prolonged chat, to share a tea or even a meal. So much effort was made to ensure that any visitor to their country felt heartily welcomed.

As the day waned, I visited my favorite street food stall, which fried small balls of spicy potato and sold them for a mere eight cents each. As I watched them frying, a crowd gathered to observe the foreigner, I smiled at them, some shied away a trifle embarrassed, but some replied with a radiant African smile.

Eating as I walked along the dimming skies, I returned to the Oriental Hotel after completing a day outside of my front door.

Shane Dallas is an experienced adventurer and blogger who specializes in travelling to destinations where few others tread such as North Korea, Afghanistan and Iraq. Shane occasionally co-hosts “The Travel Show” on radio station Dubai Eye, and is in demand as a speaker, having recently delivered presentations and workshops about travel, blogging, social media, and public speaking to audiences in Asia, Europe, Middle East and on a TransAtlantic cruise.

Shane’s adventures can be seen on his travel site The Travel Camel 

Follow the journeys of Shane on his site as well as engage with him on Twitter @TheTravelCamel, Facebook  and Google+ 

Discover more about countries and places all over the world in our “Outside my Front Door” series.

Somaliland1991

Postcard From Hargeysa (The Independent)

Harvey Morris

A week-long international book fair that attracted writers from Africa, Europe and North America has just wound up in Somaliland, an arid and sparsely populated statelet on the Horn of Africa that has struggled unsuccessfully to gain world recognition since declaring independence in 1991.
It was the seventh book fair to be held in the capital, Hargeysa, a bustling if tumbledown city where locals compete for space on dusty roads with armies of itinerant goats. Hay-on-Wye it isn’t. However, in a region better known for piracy and Islamist terrorism, the country has remained relatively stable since it broke away from its dysfunctional neighbor, Somalia, following a civil war. What the city lacks in book fair chic was more than made up for by the enthusiasm of the hundreds who crammed the venue for daily discussions and readings. The literacy rate has risen from one-in-five to one-in-two since independence.
The fair showcased local writers – the country has a strong poetic tradition – and those from the diaspora, such as South Africa-based Nuruddin Farah, a regular nominee for the Nobel Prize for literature, and Londoner Nadifa Mohamed, 32, whose second novel, The Orchard of Lost Souls, came out last year.
Source: The Independent

Somaliland1991

Barnaamij Gaara Waraysi Nicoloskey By Ducaale iyo Tifaftiraha HCTV

Biometrics Expert Is Helping To Ensure An Honest Election In Somaliland

By William G. Gilroy
Mention the name Somaliland, and most people will have images from the movies “Black Hawk Down” and “Captain Phillips” spring to mind. However, those images are more correctly associated with Somalia, not Somaliland, which is an independent state that is internationally recognized as an autonomous region of Somalia.
Somaliland declared itself independent in 1991 and has been transforming itself into a rare, multiparty democracy in the Horn of Africa. University of Notre Dame biometrics expert Kevin Bowyer and his Ph.D. students Estefan Ortiz and Amanda Sgroi are playing a critical role in that process.
“One goal of the Somaliland government is to have honest, respected elections,” Bowyer said. “Toward this end, they want to create a fraud-free voter registration list. They have turned to biometrics as a means to generate such a list.”
A biometric is a stable and distinctive physiological feature of a person that can be measured and used to identify them. The fingerprint is probably the most familiar example. But iris recognition is proving to be more powerful than fingerprint in some important applications.
“Fingerprint might seem like an obvious choice for biometric verification of a voting register, but it runs into problems with the percentage of the population for which an acceptable quality image can be obtained,” Bowyer said. “Given the state-of-the-art in fingerprint sensors, in a country like Somaliland, a sizeable fraction of the population may have trouble using the sensors reliably. And this weakness can be exploited by people who want to commit voter fraud by registering more than once. In fact, Somaliland conducted a biometric voter registration exercise in 2008-09 using fingerprints and facial recognition, and a good deal of effort was devoted to using biometrics to clean the voting register. However, a report done in 2010 by Electoral Reform International Services for the Somaliland National Electoral Commission concluded that ‘this register is known to contain a large number of duplicates, possibly around 30 percent, and the existing biometric systems could not identify these with the data available.’ The problems with this voting register motivated the need for a new register.”
As an alternative to fingerprinting, the Somaliland government, through its election experts, contacted Bowyer’s research group for help in exploring the use of iris recognition. The Bowyer group’s publications on iris recognition technology contributed significantly in convincing the National Election Commission that iris recognition, done with the right equipment and procedures and with a focus on data quality, was a viable solution.
The voter registration is by law required to be complete by the end of 2014. Somaliland officials asked Bowyer’s group to conduct a trial voter registration project using iris recognition that would be completed before Ramadan started on June 28.
“Data acquisition for the field study was conducted over a five-day period in two registration centers: one in the Somaliland capital, Hargeysa, and one in Baki, a small town about 60 miles from Hargeysa,” Bowyer said. “The data was transferred electronically to our research group at Notre Dame, where we performed the iris recognition analysis, and then reported our results back.”
The Notre Dame researchers analyzed 1,062 trial voter registration records. The number of duplicate records seeded into the dataset in order to test the power of iris recognition was unknown to the Notre Dame team. Each record contained two iris images, for the left and the right eye. Using automatic matching of the set of 2,124 iris images, the Notre Dame team was able to quickly identify a list of 450 duplicate registrations. A duplicate registration is an instance of two different voter registration numbers that iris recognition indicates belong to the same person. The Notre Dame team then performed manual inspection of a small number of results that were ambiguous based on the automatic matching, and this identified another seven instances of duplicate registration.
The list of 457 instances of duplicate registration was reported to the Somaliland National Electoral Commission, along with a technical report that describes how the Notre Dame team performed its analysis and makes recommendations for maintaining and improving image quality. Elections specialist Roy Dalle Vedove, working with the Somaliland NEC on the effort for a new and more accurate voting register, replied that “analysis of the results from our data confirm the accuracy of your results. … Overall we are very pleased.” Mohamed Ahmed Hirsi Gelleh, the chairman of the NEC, said, “We are very grateful for the great work you have done for us.”
Somaliland will proceed to create a new national voting register to be used in the next elections. Its biometrically validated voting register will be one of the most technically sophisticated voting registers of any country in the world, and a model for others. Researchers hope it will lead to election results that are transparent and believable, and to greater international recognition of the Somaliland government.

Somaliland1991