halkan ka daawo video-gaee BBC World News, The BBC’s Zeinab Badawi
Somaliland’s hopes for international recognition ee
halkan ka daawo video-gaee BBC World News, The BBC’s Zeinab Badawi
By Zeinab Badawi BBC News, Somaliland
Wach this video clip on here
When you land at the clean, tidy airport in Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland, you feel you could have arrived in any small African state.
The police are courteous and wear freshly-pressed uniforms, the Somaliland flag flutters gently in the hot morning breeze, and you move briskly through the airport security.
The taxi you take into town is paid for in Somaliland’s currency, the shilling.
But do not get carried away – despite the outward trappings of statehood, this is a country that does not officially exist.
Somaliland unilaterally declared its independence from the rest of Somalia in May 1991, after the fall of the country’s military strongman, Mohamed Siad Barre.
He fled the country exactly 20 years ago on Wednesday, after two decades in power.
I made my way to Freedom Square in central Hargeisa to see the monument, which reminds those here of the bitter battle they fought to break away from the rest of Somalia. Around 50,000 people died.
The actual fighter jet used by Barre’s forces to bomb the city is on a dais, underneath the figure of a woman holding the green, white and red of the Somaliland flag, looking skywards in hope.
There, I spoke to a local journalist, Albdelhakim Mohamed from the Jumhuriya newspaper.
“We want our independence here in Somaliland,” he told me.
“We have a country. We have a parliament, a free press, and businesses just like London and New York.”
At the base of the monument, a body lay wrapped in cardboard.
At first I was not sure if it was part of the display, then I realised it was just a homeless man who had spent the night at its foot.
Around the monument is also a market where goods of all kinds are readily available.
Traditional spices mingle with the ubiquitous plastic of Chinese imports, brightly coloured sandals, plastic buckets and hair decorations.
I walked through the market with Abdirashid Duale, the head of Dahabshiil, Africa’s largest money transfer company.
Tall, elegant and expensively clad – his company makes a lot of money here – he was reticent to commit to whether Somaliland should be recognised as independent; after all, his business interests extend all over Somalia.
When I ask him whether Somaliland’s unofficial status affects business, he admits it is a challenge.
But Dahabshiil, like other financial corporations in the 21st Century, can base its headquarters anywhere in the world these days. Mr Duale spends most of his time in neighbouring Kenya.
From the people I chatted to informally in Hargeisa, I was left with the overwhelming impression that they would find it hard to re-integrate into the rest of Somalia.
Though with the Somaliland government so intent on independence it is hard to know if some were reluctant to speak their minds too freely.
According to the World Bank, the Somali diaspora as a whole sends about $1bn (£632m) to their relatives back home every year.
Here in Hargeisa, with no official help from the outside world and no recognition as a state, most official aid is closed to them. So the remittances are a vital source of income.
People use the many money exchange centres dotted around Hargeisa to retrieve the funds sent to them by wire transfer.
I went into one office with Mr Duale.
Some people recognised him as the big boss, and I had no trouble being escorted into the back office where money was being counted.
Despite the scene, often money does not actually change hands – many transactions are carried out over the internet.
‘On our guard’
Somaliland seems a world away from the chaos and violence of south and central Somalia, which includes the capital Mogadishu.
Click to play
Somaliland President Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo says he hopes for independence
The country is divided. Puntland in the north is a semi-autonomous state and Somaliland is a functioning state in all but name.
But Somaliland is not immune from the militant brand of Islamism that afflicts other parts of Somalia.
In 2008, suicide car bombings left dozens dead in Hargeisa, as well as in Puntland.
The leader of the main Islamist group al-Shabab, Ahmed Cabdi Godane – who is himself from Somaliland – was blamed for the attacks.
“We are on our guard,” President Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo told me.
“We are doing our level best to encourage young people through education and work, and to engage them in useful activities instead of going to extremist groups like al-Shabab.”
Somaliland is seen as a transit route for militant groups going into Somalia proper, and the government here is keen to assist international efforts to tackle this.
Although Mr Silanyo has been applauded for his efforts since taking office in July, this has not given him the international recognition he craves.
On a recent trip of Western capitals to press Somaliland’s case, he told me that it deserved to be seen as an independent country.
Historically, it was a different country from Somalia, which was divided by the French, Italian and British colonial powers, he explained.
Somaliland was British and was independent for five days in 1961, before it opted to join the rest of the country.
Those five days though are crucial in legal terms to the government and gives it a basis to claim it was once an independent state.
Ethnically, the people I encountered in Somaliland are no different from their brethren elsewhere, but their lives in the last 20 years have been relatively free from the violence and divisions that have plagued the rest of Somalia.
Now President Silanyo feels that with Southern Sudan likely to become independent, the people of Somaliland cannot be denied the chance of their own referendum to vote for secession.
The key question for the intentional community is whether it should be allowed to go it alone, or be forced to remain part of Somalia to help bring greater peace and prosperity to a country that has known only war for two decades?
Hadhwanaagnews) Tuesday, January 25, 2011
London: Xaflad ballaadhan oo sameeyey ku dhawaaqista Rugta Kutubta Qaranka Somaliland (Somaliland National Library), ayaa habeennimadii Jimcaha la soo dhaafay lagu qabtay galbeedka magaalada London ee carriga Ingiriiska.
Munaasabaddan oo ahayd mid si heer sare ah loo soo agaasimay, isla markaana ka qaybgaleen aqoonyahanno, abwaano, culimaa’udiin, haween iyo dadweyne kale oo tiro badan oo reer Somaliland ah, waxa ugu horreyn ereyo kooban oo soo dhawayn ah ka jeediyay Maxamed Cumar Maygaag oo ka xog-warramay qiimaha iyo faa’iidada ku jirta abuurista maktabad qaran oo Somaliland yeelato.
Suxufiga weyn ee Sheekh Maxamuud Sheekh Axmed Dalmar oo xafladdaas ka hadlay, ayaa si cilmiyaysan uga warramay muhiimadda aqoontu u leedahay bani’aadamka iyo tixgalinta ay diinta islaamku siisay waxbarashada oo siduu sheegay laga dareemi karayo kitaamka Qur’aanka Kariimka ah.
Sheekh Dalmar waxa uu ku dheeraaday doorkii musliiimtu ka soo qaateen horumarinta tacliinta, keydinteeda iyo weliba dhiirrigelinta qoritaanka iyo maktabadaha, taas oo buu yidhi ah mid maanta dunida laga dareemi karo raadkoodii, gaar ahaan dhinaca culuunta iyo waxbarashada.
Abwaan Maxamed Ibraahim Warsame (Hadraawi), ayaa ugu horreyn warbixin kooban ka bixiyey xaaladda waqtigan ee dalka Somaliland iyo siday lama huraan u tahay in gudo iyo dibadba la wada ogaado baahida maktabadda cusub, taasoo siduu sheegay dib ugu noqonaysa imaatinkii gumeysiga ee dalka oo sababtay in dadka hankooda la dilo oo hunguri badan geliyo.
Abwaan Hadraawi waxa uu ugu baaqay dadka reer Somaliland inay taageeraan oo gacan ka geystaan hirgalinta mashruuca rugta kutubta qaranka, taas oo wax weyn ka tari doonta horumarinta waxbarashada dalka.
Mr. Axmed Daahir Cilmi oo ku hadlayey magaca ururka SAMOTALIS ee hormoodka ka ah hirgelinta mashruuca abuurista rugta kutubta qaranka, ayaa sheegay in maktabaddan cusub ku kici doonto lacag lagu qiyaasay $665.00 kun oo dollar, kharashkaas oo uu xusay inay rajaynayaan in 65% ka mid ah ay bixiyaan deeq-bixiyeyaasha caalamiga ah, halka inta kale ka filayaan in qurba-joogga, dawladda iyo ganacsatada Somaliland ku tabarucaan.
Ugu dambeyn, waxa halkaa muxaadaro ka soo jeediyay Sh. Siciid Maxamed Faarax oo xusey kheyrka badan ee ku jira hirgelinta mashruuca maktabadda qaranka, waxaannu ku dheeraaday sidii asaxaabtii Rasuulku (SCW) ugu tartami jireen wax bixinta; ilaa in badan oo ka mid ah wada bixiyeen wixii ay heysteen oo dhanba.
Sheekh Siciid waxa uu ka qaybgalayaasha xafladda ku boorriyey inay aakhiradooda wax ula baxaan oo intaan mowdku haleelin sadaqo badan sii hormarsadaan.
M/weynaha Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland ayaa qaabilay Wafti uu ka mid yahay Ganacsade Al-Jaabiri oo ka socda Imaarada Raasul Khayma sidaana waxa lagu sheegay War saxafadeed uu ku saxeexan yahay Afhayeenka Madaxtooyada Somaliland ee C/laahi Maxamed Daahir Cukuse oo nuqul ka mid ahi soo gaadhay Xafiiska Wararka ee ToggaHerer Hargeysa.
Warsaxafadeedka ayaa u dhignaa Sidan:-
Madaxweynaha JSL Mudane: AXMED MAXAMED MAXAMUUD (SIILAANYO) ayaa Maanta Xafiiskiisa ku qaabilay Wefti Arrimo Ganacasi u socda oo uu Hogaaminaayo Sarkaal ka socda Imaarada Raasul Khayma.
Weftigan oo uu ka mid ahaa Ganacsadaha Al-jaabiri waxa ay madaxweynaha kala Hadleen sii xoojinta Xidhiidhka ganacsi ee u dhexeeya Somaliland iyo khaliijka.
Madaxweynuhu waxa uu Weftiga u sheegay sida ay Somaliland diyaarka ugu tahay Maal-gashiga Dalka Gudihiisa Gaar ahaan Ganacsiga Wershadaha IWM.
Madaxweynuhu waxa uu Xubnaha Weftiga uga Mahad celiyey Booqashada ay ku yimaadeen Dalka Somaliland.
ALLAA MAHAD LEH
Cabdillaahi Maxamed Daahir ( Cukuse )
Af-hayeenka Madaxtooyada JSL.
Somaliland Sentences German To Four Years For Porn
Gunter Bischoss leaving the court after the Somaliland court jailed for four years for making pornographic films in this country (photo by Barkhad Mohamed Kariye)
Hargeysa, Somaliland, January 15, 2011 – A German man has been jailed for four years for making pornographic films in the Somaliland republic.
A judge said Gunter Bischoss, 72, was guilty of unIslamic behavior and also fined him $10,000 (£6,300).
“The evidence in this case has been exaggerated and I will appeal the verdict to the Supreme Court,” Mr Bischoss said.
A Somali woman who appeared in some of the home videos was also given a one-year jail term and a $900 fine.
A journalist in the Somaliland capital, Hargeysa, says the trial was held outside the city in the prison of Mandhera for security reasons.
“After serving his prison term, he will be deported from Somaliland and never allowed back again,” the judge said.
Somaliland has been relatively stable since it declared independence from Somalia in 1991 after the overthrown of Somali President Siyad Barre.
Although the country is not recognized internationally, it has its own working political system, government institutions, currency, police force and judiciary.
Much of the rest of Somalia, which has suffered two decades of fighting and clan warfare, is now controlled by Islamist groups which have imposed strict Sharia law in recent years.
Minister Of Finance Says They Have Doubled The Salaries Of Military And Government Employees
Hargeysa, Somaliland, January 15, 2011 (SL Times) – Somaliland Minister of Finance, Eng. Muhammad Hashi revealed this week that the government has raised the salaries of the military and government employees so that their salaries would be twice of what it used to be.
The minister announced this information in an interview with the Somali language newspaper Haatuf.
In addition to doubling the salaries of military personnel and government employees, Minister Muhammad Hashi stated that the government has set up the salaries of teachers at public schools and cancelled the fees that used to be levied at government schools.
“We will continue to improve the salaries of military personnel and public employees until it gets to a decent level,” he added.
John Garang Commemorated In Somaliland
Hargeysa, Somaliland, January 15, 2011 (SL Times) – A commemoration ceremony for the former leader of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) was held in Somaliland’s capital Hargeysa.
The event was organized by Mr Abdiwahab Abdi Nakruma and it involved laying a wreath in memory of John Garang at the site where the airplanes that bombed the city of Hargeysa are in display. The reason this location was chosen was because of the similarities in the aerial bombardments to which the peoples of Southern Sudan and Somaliland were subjected by the central governments.
Rebecca Garang (John Garang’s widow), narrated to the Somali language newspaper Saxafi how one time when they were in the bush, they were savagely bombed from the air and had nowhere to run to.
Besides being bombed from airplanes by their own governments, Mr Abdiwahab Abdi Nakruma observed that Somaliland and Southern Sudan have another commonality: it was Arab governments that paid for buying those airplanes that were bombing civilians.
Speaking about the late John Garang, Mr Abdiwahab Abdi Nakruma stressed that John Garang was a remarkable African leader who used to say that those who did not participate in the armed struggle should take part in the voting, otherwise they would be agreeing to their people becoming second class citizens.
Somaliland Will Recognize Southern Sudan If It Votes For Independence
Hargeysa, Somaliland, January 15, 2011 (SL Times) – The Spokesman of Somaliland’s government, Mr Abdillahi Muhammad Dahir (Cukuse) revealed that Somaliland will accept the results of the Southern Sudan referendum. The spokesman who was in Sudan as part of a Somaliland delegation that observed and reported on the referendum said this in an interview with the BBC. The government spokesman also highlighted a number of similarities between Somaliland and Southern Sudan, chief among which is their long period of struggle, the great sacrifices in blood and resources that they paid, and their unwavering commitment to their cause.
Asked how come the international community has supported Southern Sudan’s referendum and almost certain independence while Somaliland is still unrecognized twenty years after declaring its independence, Mr Abdillahi Muhammad Dahir said the difference is that the side that Somaliland united with in 1960 has disintegrated, whereas in the case of Sudan, the central government has not collapsed, and the international community accepted that a referendum be held in Southern Sudan with the central government still in place.
Despite this disparity, Mr Abdillahi Muhammad Dahir (Cukuse) was optimistic on the future prospects of Somaliland and expressed his earnest hope, that, God willing, Somaliland will be the next country to be recognized by the international community.
Halkan Ka daawo!