Xukumadda Somaliland iyo xisbiyadda qaranka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland oo jawaab dhiiga siiyey madaxwynaha taagta daran ee Xasan Sheekh

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Baasaboorka cusub ee jamhuuriyadda Somaliland oo bixintiisa maanta la bilaabay

Somaliland1991

Madaxweynaha Somaliland oo digreeto ka soo saaray Ciidanka Cusub ee Ilaalinta Goobaha Shidaalka

Xogo Sharraxaad Dheeraad ah ka Bixiyey Ciidanka Cusub ee Ilaalinta Goobaha Shidaalka oo Lagu Aasaasay Xeer Madaxweyne


 

Sunday, September 28, 2014 05:23:41
Kharashka ku baxaya ciidan Madaxweyne Siilaanyo xeer ku dhaqan-galiyey xalay iyo doorka shirkadaha shidaalku ku yeelanayaan iyo qaabka loo maamulayoMadaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland Md. Axmed Maxamed Maxamuud (Siilaanyo), ayaa xeer madaxweyne ku aasaasay ciidan cusub oo loogu talogalay ilaalinta ammaanka goobaha laga wado hawlaha shidaal-baadhista degaannada dalka, ciidankaasoo sidoo kale ilaalin doona amniga shirkadaha shisheeye ee hawshaas fulinaya wada dalka.

Shirkadaha ajnebiga ee hawlaha sahaminta iyo baadhista shidaalka ka waday deg

aannada bariga dalka, ayaa si ku-meel-gaadh ah u hakiyey hawlahoodu ay, kuwaasoo qorshaystay inay hawlahooda dib u bilaabaan marka dawladda Somaliland samayso ciidan gaar u ah ilaalinta ammaanka shirkadaha iyo goobaha shidaalka, kuwaasoo hore loogu heshiiyey diyaarintooda.

Haddaba, iyadoo la fulinayo heshiiskaas hore waxa Madaxweyne Siilaanyo soo saaray xalay xeer madaxweyne

 

oo lagu aasaasay Ciidanka Ilaalada Sahaminta iyo Soo-saarista Shidaalka (Oil Protection Unit), kaasoo laga dhex xuli doono ciidammada millatariga iyo booliska ee Somaliland.Warsaxaafadeed uu ku saxeexan yahay Afhayeenka Madaxtooyada Mr. Axmed Saleebaan Dhuxul, ayaa lagu sheegay in ciidankaasi hoos tagi doono booliska Somaliland, lana shaqayn doono Wasaaradda Arrimaha Gudaha.

“Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland Md. Axmed Maxamed Silaanyo waxa uu

xeer madaxweyne oo summadiisu tahay JSL/M/XERM/249-2800/0

92014 ku abuuray aasaasidda Waaxda Ilaadda Sahaminta iyo Soo-saarista Shidaalka ee Ciidanka Booliiska.

Madaxweynuhu markuu arkay qoddobadda 123aad iyo 124aad ee Dastuurka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland oo lagu aasaasay saddexda ciidan qaran. Markuu arkay faqradda 4aad ee qodobka 90aad ee Dastuurka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland oo qoraya in Madaxweynuhu yahay Taliyaha Guud ee Ciidammada Qaranka. Markuu arkay Xeerka Nabadgelyada iyo Anshaxa Guud Xeer Lr. 51/2011. Markuu arkay faqradda 4aad ee qodobka 12aad ee Dastuurka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland oo sheegaya in khayraadka dabiiciga ah ee dalka ay mas’uul ka tahay dawladda dhexe.

Markuu tixraacay dedaaladda Xukuumaddu ugu jirto daah-furka khayraadka debiiciga ah iyo ka faa’iidaysiga khayraadka dabiiciga ah iyo ilaalintiisa.

Markuu garawsaday baahidda loo qabo xoojinta amniga goobaha iyo cid kasta oo ku hawlan sahaminta iyo soo-saarista khayraadka dabiiciga ah ee dalka.

Wuxuu go’aamiyey aasaasidda Waaxda Ilaalada Sahaminta iyo Soo-saarista Shidaalka (Oil Protection Unit) oo laga soo xulayo Ciidammada Millateriga iyo Booliiska, kana tirsanaan doona Ciidanka Booliiska oo hoos yimaad Wasaaradda Arrimaha Gudaha (Line Ministry), xubnaha iyo qaab-dhismeedkiisana uu jaan-goyn doono Taliyaha Ciidanka Booliisku marka uu la tashado Wasiirka Wasaaradda Arrimaha Gudaha iyo Wasiirka Wasaaradda Gaashaandhigga,” ayaa lagu yidhi warsaxaafadeedka ka soo baxay Madaxtooyada Somaliland.Dhinaca kale, warbixino kala duwan oo wargeyska Jamhuuriya helay, ayaa muujiyey in dawladda Somaliland go’aansatay aasaaska ciidanka ilaalinta goobaha shidaalka iyo shirkadaha ajnabiga ah bishii October 2013, kadib markii Shirkadda Genel Energy si ku-meel-gaadh ah u hakisay hawlihii ay ka waday Somaliland bishii September 2013 sababo dhinaca ammaanka la xidhiidha awgood, iyadoo wadahadalo Somaliland iyo shirkadda Genel Energy xilligaas dhexmaray la iskula qaatay samaynta ciidanka ilaalada goobaha shidaalka (Oil Protection Unit).

Xogo warbaahinta caalamku si yaabo kala duwan u baahisay xilliyo kala duwan, ayaa tilmaamay in ciidanka loogu tallogalay ilaalinta goobaha shidaalka Somaliland iyo shirkadaha ajnabiga ah ee hawlaha baadhista wada ay qorshihiisa iyo qaab-dhismeedkiisaba dejiyey Shirkad laga leeyahay dalka Ingiriiska, lana yidhaah ASSAYE RISK oo shaqadeedu tahay la-talinta arrimaha ammaanka la xidhiidha, waxayna shirkadaasi muujiyey in ciidanka OPU (Oil Protection Unit) marka hore lagu bilaabo ilaa 420 askari, kadibna tiradiisa la gaadhsiiyo ilaa 580, kuwaasoo u kala bixi doona lix qaybood oo maamulkoodu hoos tagi doono wasaarada daakhiliga Somaliland oo la shaqayn doonta shirkado dhinaca ammaanka qaabilsan oo ay kiraysteen shirkadaha hawlaha shidaalka ka wada Somaliland.

blocks

Sida ku cad warbixinaha Jamhuuriya arkay, Shirkaddaha shidaalka, gaar ahaan shirkadda Genel Energy, kana diiwaangashan dalalka Ingiriiska iyo Turkiga, ayaa ballanqaaday inay bixinayso kharashka ku baxaya dhismaha iyo maamulka ciidanka ilaalinta goobaha shidaalka ee Somaliland (Oil Protection Unit), kharashkaasoo xadigiisu noqonayo sannadkii lacag dhan $20 milyan ilaa $25 milyan oo dollar, kharashkaasoo loogu tallogalay in lagu bixiyo dhismaha ciidankaas iyo mushaharooyinka bil kasta ee hawshaas wadda.

Shirkadaha hawlaha shidaal-baadhista ka wada Somaliland, shaqadoodana u hakiyey diyaarinta ciidankaas, waxa ka mid ah shirkadaha Genel Energy, Shirkadda RAK Gas oo laga leeyahay dalka Imaaraadka Carabta, Shirkadda DNO oo ka diiwaangashan waddanka Norway iyo shirkadda laga leeyahay dalka Yemen ee Ansan Wikfs, kuwaasoo sida la sheegay qayb ka ah dedaalada lagu samaynayo ciidanka madaxweyne Siilaanyo ku aasaasay xeerka madaxweyne xalay oo loo qorsheeyey inuu ilaaliyo ammaanka shirkadaha shidaalka iyo goobaha hawlaha baadhista laga wado ee Somaliland.

Xigasho: Wargayska Jamhuuriya

Somaliland1991

Ciidamadda Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland oo gacanta ku dhigay magaladda saaxdheer iyo Cali KHaliif Galaydh oo dirqi ku baxsaday

Somaliland1991

Heesh calaa ruwaayad JACAYLKII DUMAR LAAYE DUNIDA MAAN RAG JOOGIN FULL

Somaliland1991

Daawo video nin ay aad iskugu eeg yihiin madaxweyen Barack Obama iyo Zalatan Ibrahimovic

Waxaa badana jirta in la helo qof qof kale u eeg ama ay is shabahaan.

Muddooyinki ayaa waxaa soo badanaysa dadka is shabaha ama isku eeg ,bal haddaba muuqaladaa nala daawada!

Waxa kaloo aanu idiin soo gudbinaynaa muuqaal ah, ciyaaryahanka caanka ah ee dalka Sweden, Zlatan Ibrahimovic, oo isna leh nin ay is aad iskugu eeg yihiin, xataa codka

Somaliland1991

Somaliland1991

Sahra Halgan iyo Hido dhawr (Bulsho Tv)

Hido dhawr oo hotel hidaha iyo dhaqankeenii ah oo ay hargeisa ka furtay mujidadii fananadii weynayd Sahra Halgan Ahmed waan wax loo bahnaa in jiilka cusub ama dhalinyarada danbe la baro dhaqankood alle ha kula garab galo mujahidad sahra Ahmed maxamud ( halgan)

Maxamed BK

Somaliland1991

Taariikh kooban oo ka hadlaysa Biriijka Hargeysa

Tariikh kooban.
Taakiihdu markay aheyd 1967 ayaa Suldaan Rashid Suldan Abdilaahi oo ahaa xildhibaan baarlamaanka somaliya ee dowladii “Abdirashid Ali Sharmaake” waxa uu safar shaqo ku tagay dalka faransiiska, waxa uu masuuliyintii dalka faransiisk u gudbiyey caqabada biriij la’aanta hargeisa taas oo uu tilmaamay in marka “Dooxa” hargeisa soo rogmado in aan labada daamood ay kala go’aan caqbad weynina ay ku timaado isu socodka gaadiidka iyo dadka.

Untitled

Dawlada faransiisku waxay aqbashay in ay ka jawaabto cabashadii xildhibaanka, waxaanay balan qaaday in ay dhisto biriijka hargeisa. Qandaraaska dhismaha waxaa ku guuleystay shirkad talyaani ah oo fulisay dhimishiisa 1968, waxaana dhagax dhigay Suldan Rashid Suldaan Abdilaahi iyo raysalwasaare Maxa’ed X. Ibraahim Cigal

ilaa xiligaas oo laga joogo 46 sanno, waxaa dayactir muuqda mar ku sameeye maayar “Cawl Cilmi Abdle” in tii kadanbaysay cid hagaajin iyo dayactir uu helay midna ma jirto, xaalada hadda uu biriijku ku sugan yahay waa halis aan la daawan karin,

Untitled

Qore: Garaad Mahad Max’ed Abdi

Somaliland1991

Safiiradda dalalka Danmark iyo Norway oo fadhigoodu yahay Kenya oo booqasho rasmi ah ku yimid dalka Somaliland


Waxaa Somaliland maalmihii u danbeeyey ku soo qulqulayey, wufuud kala duwan oo caalamka ka socodta.

Doraad waxaa dalka Yimid safiirka Somaliland iyo Somalia ee dalka Norway

Somaliland1991

Caasimadda Somaliland oo laga bilaabay qaadashada kaadhka aqoonsiga muáadinka ID Card

Somaliland1991

Borofosoor Axmed Dacar, oo waraaq garnaqsi ah u qoray Madaxweynaha Maraykanka Barack Obama

Borofosoor Axmed Dacar,  oo waraaq garnaqsi ah u qoray Madaxweynaha Maraykanka Barack Obama, oo deggen, Magaaladda Uppsala, ee dalka Sweden.

Thursday, 18 September 2014 02:02

Prof Daar urges Obama to stop crying and start the somaliland recognition process

Prof Daar urges Obama to stop crying and start the somaliland recognition process

Somalilandsun -The Obama Administration should Re-affirm the UN membership of the Republic of Somaliland before another Resource Hungry Power Jumps to the Opportunity
Mr. President,
According to American and international law, the Republic of Somaliland, with or without diplomatic recognition, is as much a United Nations General Assembly member as the United States of America is.
Neither the USA and other permanent Security Council members nor the UN Secretariat have any legal competence to disallow the Republic of Somaliland, as its sovereign people choose to call it, to resume sitting on its UN seat without any serious reason deserving banishment.
Sir, I am not writing to you to ask you to recognize the Republic of Somaliland as a UN member; a former US administration had already done that long before you had become the present USA president.
The Dwight D. Eisenhower administration together with the other Security Council permanent members plus more than three scores of other ordinary UN member states recognized Somaliland, prior to its later union with Somalia, as a UN member with a defined territory bounded by internationally recognized boundaries whose people alone were/are sovereign over it.
The Government of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II is my witness: Sovereign Somaliland arrived at the UN in 1960 during the tenure of Dag Hammarskjöld, as Secretary General, with credentials signed on behalf of Harold Macmillan, the late British Prime Minister, as a country with recognized independence.
The former USA and Security Council recognition of the sovereign state of Somaliland as a UN member is irretrievable; it is a done deal.
(Three months later than the acceptance of Somaliland by the Security Council, The Somaliland-Somalia union was officially admitted to the UN on 20 September 1960 as the Somali Republic, not as the Republic of Somalia and not as Somalia as some UN websites wrongly label.)
I am rather writing it to you, with all due respect, sir, to request you not to contravene the legally binding decision made by the Eisenhower administration -as an individual country and as a permanent United Nations Security Council member- by which it had signed the automatic ascension of Somaliland to UN membership upon its independence from Great Britain back in 196o.
I believe that your administration and all others which might follow are obliged to abide by the ruling of a former American administration and the commitment of the Security Council to the people of Somaliland to include and maintain Somaliland in the UN just like other ex-colonies.
Other ex-colonies ascended to UN membership in the same manner. Somaliland is an equal quantity to all other ex-colonies, which cast votes of equal weight in the General Assembly with USA and with other permanent Security Council members.
Somaliland refuses to be exempted and left out in the cold.
Denial of diplomatic recognition by peer countries need not be ostensibly used to mask Somaliland’s UN membership.
To the contrary, the Republic of Somaliland is in effect the 194nd UN member state and the 55th in the African Union (AU), according to where their respective counts stand as of today.
The Security Council ought to review its position on Somaliland and should conform to its own past decision on it as a UN member, lest It would be accused of allegedly colluding with Somalia which has no right whatsoever to hinder the return of the Republic of Somaliland to the General Assembly..
The Republic of Somaliland is not a region seceding from Somalia to be held in limbo as an autonomous region aspiring to be allowed to be free from Somalia. Nothing could be further from the truth. The same UN Security Council, which had earlier recognized Somaliland as a separate UN member state, before Somalia had even become independent, should not operate on the oft repeated false premise that Somaliland is a daughter state seceding from Somalia. It should operate on the more apt fact that Somaliland is a United Nations member state, which had legally withdrawn from its former, un-ratified union with a neighboring country, Somalia.
None other than the UN Security Council, including USA as a permanent member, is responsible to ensure that the people of the Republic of Somaliland be not robbed of their UN membership.
Sir, Somaliland and Somalia, as the US and UN Security Council records register, are two mutually exclusive African sister countries which united once upon a time in 1960 and separated 23 years ago in 1991 after Somaliland, which did not need the permission of Somalia to leave the union, legally and unilaterally dissolved the union between them,
In recognition that international law permitted the sovereign people of Somaliland to exercise their sovereignty to unite their country with any other, if they so choose, the Eisenhower administration and the UN Security Council did not hinder Somaliland to unite with Somalia in 1960. The same USA government, which he presided over then, and which you preside over today, would be contradicting itself if it addressed Somaliland as one needing the approval of Somalia and/or the African Union to dissolve its union with Somalia. It should acknowledge the people of Somaliland exercised, this time around, too, the same sovereignty as before to have dissolved the Somaliland-Somalia union. In addition, they used the same sovereignty to have re-founded, in due process of law, the Republic of Somaliland as a legal successor to the sovereign state of Somaliland, and should be allowed to acquire diplomatic recognition without any further delay.
.According to American and to international law the union between Somaliland and Somalia is dissolved without any contention; it is history.
Had it been around today, the same Eisenhower administration would not have continued to recognize a dissolved union in fear of contravening its former recognition of Somaliland as a sovereign UN member. But you are, Mr. President, sitting on the same seat as President Eisenhower, did and should, assuming the same attitude, uphold such past legally binding US decision on Somaliland and discontinue recognizing a dissolved union.
Previous American presidents did not, for example, continue recognizing Senegambia (the dissolved union between Senegal and Gambia) and the United Arab Republic (the dissolved UAR union between Egypt and Syria). They allowed all the individual countries of the above dissolved unions resume their respective, separate UN seats without any hindrance.
Sir, you could as gracefully not only discontinue recognizing the already dissolved union between Somaliland and Somalia, without referring the Somaliland side of the case only and not the Somalia side which is equally African, to the African Union, but also re-affirm Somaliland’s UN membership straight away before another resource hungry power might just do so.
The Author Prof. Ahmed Abdi Da’ar is Director: Somaliland Peace and Development Consultancy (Under formation), London UK.
ahmed.daar@gmail.com 18 Sept. 2014

We have forwarded this letter to president Obama and we urge you to add your voice too
Write or Call the White House
President Obama is committed to creating the most open and accessible administration in American history. That begins with taking comments and questions from you, the public.  Write the President Or Call the President

Somaliland1991

Madaxweynaha Somaliland oo maanta la kulmay haldooraka bulshada iyo waxbarashada Somaliland

Somaliland1991

Sooraan & Jawaan (HORUMARKA WADANKENA) Riwayad Cusub 2014

Somaliland1991

Hargeysa, Somaliland – the capital of Somaliland – is home to the Horn of Africa’s largest literary event.

 

 

By Ismail Einashe
Hargeysa, Somaliland – the dusty capital of Somaliland – is home to the Horn of Africa’s largest literary event. Now in its seventh year, the Hargeysa International Book Fair is a celebration of books, poetry, and the arts. All a remarkable feat for a small unrecognized nation state situated in a bad neighborhood.

As gun battles rage on the streets of Mogadishu, Hargeysa feels like a world away, a relative oasis of calm. Confusion here is only whipped up by traffic jams, crowds, and an army of goats, mobile phone chatter and incessant construction noise.
Though the scars of the civil war that destroyed the country are still visible, Hargeysa is today an energizing and colorful city. Over the past twenty years Somaliland has been building a hybrid democratic state that fuses the ancient and modern – pursuing a process of political and economic reconstruction that has brought security and relative stability since it unilaterally declared independence from Somalia in 1991.

Hargeysa has been transformed over the past few years, with the situation now stable enough for its dispersed population to return – on the streets an eclectic mix of European tongues, various accents from the English speaking world can be heard. In the four years I have been absent from the city things have moved on remarkably fast. A once sleepy town, Hargeysa is now a small sized city home to some 800,000 people. Everywhere you turn you hear the hum of construction.
It is this stability that the Hargeysa International Book Fair has benefited from. Somaliland’s answer to Hay-on-Wye is about more than just books, it shows just how far Somaliland has traveled in its post-civil war reconstruction. And it provides the best antidote to the lazy, cliché-heavy narratives that see Somalia only through the prism of piracy and terrorism.

Highlights from the week-long festival included an opening session by one of Africa’s greatest writers, and oft mentioned candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature, Nuruddin Farah. He broke with the oral tradition in Somali and began to write in English in the 1960s, his books are all set in Somalia. In his session, he took apart Somali patriarchy, speaking angrily about the cruelty Somali society metes out to its children and women. Farah said he wanted to agitate for change, and he then challenged the audience to reconstruct old views, for Somalis to find a way to live with each other, after war and after violence. A lively debate ensued, with audience members engaging with Farah, even the formidable and fierce activist and medical practitioner, Edna Adan, took part in the discussions.

Hot on the heels of Farah’s session, was a book launch by Nadifa Mohamed, 2013 Granta Best Young British Novelist. Her second novel ‘Orchard of Lost Souls’, based in Hargeysa in 1988, describes the fall of the Said Barre’s brutal regime, through the eyes of three women. Mohamed spoke movingly about her grandmother who lived through the bombings of Hargeysa in 1988 – and she added how her mother’s stories about Hargeysa before the war gave her a ‘complete oral history’ of the city and allowed her to write her book.

Read the rest of this entry »

Hargeysa, Somaliland the capital of Somaliland – is home to the Horn of Africa’s largest literary event.

Hargeysa, Somaliland

By Ismail Einashe
Hargeysa, Somaliland – the dusty capital of Somaliland – is home to the Horn of Africa’s largest literary event. Now in its seventh year, the Hargeysa International Book Fair is a celebration of books, poetry, and the arts. All a remarkable feat for a small unrecognized nation state situated in a bad neighborhood.

As gun battles rage on the streets of Mogadishu, Hargeysa feels like a world away, a relative oasis of calm. Confusion here is only whipped up by traffic jams, crowds, and an army of goats, mobile phone chatter and incessant construction noise.
Though the scars of the civil war that destroyed the country are still visible, Hargeysa is today an energizing and colorful city. Over the past twenty years Somaliland has been building a hybrid democratic state that fuses the ancient and modern – pursuing a process of political and economic reconstruction that has brought security and relative stability since it unilaterally declared independence from Somalia in 1991.

Hargeysa has been transformed over the past few years, with the situation now stable enough for its dispersed population to return – on the streets an eclectic mix of European tongues, various accents from the English speaking world can be heard. In the four years I have been absent from the city things have moved on remarkably fast. A once sleepy town, Hargeysa is now a small sized city home to some 800,000 people. Everywhere you turn you hear the hum of construction.
It is this stability that the Hargeysa International Book Fair has benefited from. Somaliland’s answer to Hay-on-Wye is about more than just books, it shows just how far Somaliland has traveled in its post-civil war reconstruction. And it provides the best antidote to the lazy, cliché-heavy narratives that see Somalia only through the prism of piracy and terrorism.

Read the rest of this entry »

Somaliland: An Inspiring Book Fair, A Raft Of Challenges (The Economist)

By C.H. | Hargeysa, Somaliland
IN a scruffy hall off the dusty main thoroughfare of Somaliland’s capital, Nuruddin Farah, a Somalia-born novelist, is berating the audience at the Hargeysa International Book Fair over what he sees as the inherent cruelty of Somali society. Somali history, he says, “is a consequence of this cruelty…we can never be a democratic society until we change our behavior towards those we consider lesser.”
Despite being born in the south of Somalia and living in Cape Town Mr Farah, probably the most well-known Somali writer, feels quite at home in the internationally-unrecognized state in Somalia’s north: “I have come to start a debate with my community”. Debate permeated the fair in August and is now in its seventh year. Jama Muse Jama, formerly an Italy-based academic and businessman and now a Hargeysa-based publisher founded the fair in 2008 as a means to allow Somalilanders “to regain their public space… to sit down and simply debate”.
Alongside authors including Nadifa Mohammed, a much-lauded young British-based author born in Hargeysa, topics including the preservation of Somali heritage, mother and infant mortality, female genital mutilation, Somaliland’s own state-building and western stereotypes of Africa exercised hundreds of attendees. Poets, including the incomparable Hadraaawi, Bob Dylan-like here, declaimed sonorously, dervish-like female sitaad dancers whirled. A delegation of writers from Malawi, the guest country, and a sprinkling from Kenya alongside guests from Europe and America underlined the fair’s international credentials.
Hargeysa itself is buzzing. Roads that for decades had been pockmarked by damage caused by war are now being repaired. Construction is booming too with gaudy McMansions, hotels and malls going up. Many are funded by Somaliland’s wide diaspora. The logos of Dahabshiil, a regional money-transfer giant, and conduit for all those diaspora remittances, and mobile phone companies Telesom and Somtel and private university billboards are everywhere. Petrol stations, often bearing the blue-and-yellow livery of Hass Petroleum, based in Kenya, are springing up. Outdoor stalls and cafes bear handpainted signs and the ubiquitous details of the Zaad mobile-payment system. Earlier this year, the opening of a swimming pool, atop a hotel roof, caused local excitement.
Mohamed Awale, the director of planning at the Ministry of Commerce, lauds Somaliland’s regulatory reform to ease investment, but worries that without foreign recognition, Somaliland may remain stuck in “transitional” phase. He also worries about the plight of Somaliland’s young. Some 75% of the population are reckoned to be under 21, and 80% of them unemployed. Another economic threat is financial. Western banks are clamping down on their dealings with money-transfer agents to limit the risk that they may be implicated in financing terrorist or other illicit activity. That may reduce the flow of funds from Somaliland’s diaspora, exacerbating poverty.
Since declaring independence in 1991, Somaliland has sought international recognition and the funding and foreign investment it would bring. It has held a raft of elections judged reasonably fair by international observers, but is little-noticed. The international community, with the backing of the African Union, is focused on Somalia, where international forces are trying to curb an Islamist insurgency and shepherd the country through federal elections, which are scheduled for 2016. Somaliland itself has elections scheduled for 2015, although implementation of a voter-registration system could cause delays.
Yet Somaliland may soon attract increased attention. One reason is the widening contrast between Hargeysa, where the streets are relatively safe, and Mogadishu—where on August 15th, at least 10 people were killed in a government-led attack on a militia leader near the city’s airport. Despite its lack of official recognition, Britain and Denmark are collaborating on a “Somaliland Development Fund” worth US$50m, to back the government’s own ambitious infrastructure development plans.
Oil firms are also taking note. A host of companies, including Turkish and Norwegian firms, have been searching for oil and gas in the east of Somaliland. Although commercial potential has yet to materialize, big hydrocarbon discoveries could bring as many challenges as benefits in an economy that is currently reliant on remittances and livestock exports to the Middle East. Some of the sites being explored are disputed between Somaliland and Puntland, a part of Somalia. Some of the clans in the disputed territories do not recognize Hargeysa’s authority. “It scares me what would happen if someone did make a big oil strike,” says Michael Walls, a Somali expert at University College London (whose own in-depth study of Somaliland’s state-building was launched at the fair). A conflict over oil would be a cruel blow indeed.

Source: The Economist

 

Somaliland199