Alleged Somali war criminal first exposed by the fifth estate now in landmark U.S. case

http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/somali-war-crime-fifth-estate-1.3424262

Alleged Somali war criminal first exposed by the fifth estate now in landmark U.S. case

Alleged war criminal sought refuge in Canada before being deported to U.S.

By Lisa Mayor, Arianna Ongaro, Rachel Houlihan, CBC News Posted: Jan 29, 2016 9:00 AM ETLast Updated: Jan 29, 2016 9:00 AM ET

Yusuf Abdi Ali, also known as Col. Tukeh, is alleged to have tortured, killed and maimed hundreds of people under Somalia's then-dictator Mohamed Siad Barre.

Yusuf Abdi Ali, also known as Col. Tukeh, is alleged to have tortured, killed and maimed hundreds of people under Somalia’s then-dictator Mohamed Siad Barre. (CBC)

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An alleged war criminal from Somalia, first exposed by the fifth estate in 1992, now finds himself in the middle of a landmark human rights lawsuit in the U.S.

Yusuf Abdi Ali, also known as Colonel Tukeh, was first investigated by the fifth estate in 1992 for allegations that he executed, tortured and maimed countless people during Somalia’s civil war. He was living in Toronto at the time of the original broadcast.

Just days after the fifth estate’s story aired, Ali was deported back to the U.S. — his original port of entry.

However, despite the allegations made in the fifth estate program, Canadian authorities never pursued Ali for war crimes.

the fifth estate documentary “Crimes Against Humanity” showed that before working as a security guard in Toronto and trying to make Canada his new home, Ali wore a much different uniform.

He was a commander in the brutal civil strife fought by Somali dictator Mohamed Siad Barre and his army against their own people.

Almost a quarter-century later, it turns out that Ali is still living in the U.S., working in the Washington area.

He is at the heart of a lawsuit in the U.S. where he is being sued for war crimes in Somalia, specifically for allegations brought forward by Farhan Warfaa, who says he was the target of a brutal interrogation by Ali in December 1987.

Ali “was in the room directing the questioning while [Warfa] was tortured and violently beaten,” said Tara Lee, Warfaa’s lawyer. “At the conclusion of the torture and beating, [Ali] shot him five times at point blank range while he was chained and restrained.”

Tara Lee

Tara Lee is the lawyer for Farhan Warfaa, a Somalia man who says he was beaten and tortured by Ali and others back when the Siad Barre regime was still in power. (CBC)

Incredibly, Warfaa survived and is now seeking justice in a U.S. court from the man he says pulled the trigger in Somalia.

At issue in the pending lawsuit is whether an American court is the proper place for something that allegedly happened so long ago and so far away.

Should the case proceed, Ali may soon find himself the public face of what would be an historic decision to deny war criminals safe haven in the U.S.

If the case is not allowed to continue, it might signal an easy pass for war criminals, Lee warns.

“If our courts have an interest, it’s in adjudicating the crimes of criminals that have chosen to live here,” Lee argues.

Ali’s lawyer, Joseph Peter Drennan, says Ali rejects the charges of murder and torture, and he describes Ali’s life as “blameless.”

“Mr. Ali is an ordinary individual who lives here in Northern Virginia with a family and who hasn’t gotten as much as a parking ticket since he’s got here,” Drennan said.

It is a response similar to the one Ali gave in a 1992 interview with the fifth estate.

“The story you have got is completely, entirely, perfectly and absolutely partial,” Ali told the fifth estate in the original documentary. “It’s false. Totally baseless.”

Background

In the early 1990s, Canada became a safe haven for Somalis when the civil war erupted, following the overthrow of Siad Barre’s military regime in 1991.

Most refugees were legitimate, but the fifth estate investigation found that some who had reportedly done the dictator’s dirty work were accepted as well.

SOMALIA

A boy stands on the ruins of the former Somali parliament building in the capital Mogadishu. Somalia has been mired in violence, and lacking effective central government, since the 1991 overthrow of military dictator Siad Barre. (Feisal Omar/Reuters)

Prior to the fall of the Siad Barre regime, for which he had worked, Ali went to the U.S. on a diplomatic visa where he received American military training.

When the Somali regime fell in 1991, he came to Canada, claiming to be a refugee.

When the fifth estate went to northern Somalia in 1992, it seemed everyone had a story about torture and gruesome killing allegedly on Ali’s watch, including stories about people being tied to trees and burned alive.

One woman described the scene of her brother being dragged behind a military vehicle until he was “shredded to pieces.”

The Somali journalist who worked with the fifth estate on the 1992 documentary, stands by the original broadcast. Mohamed Urdoh traveled to Gibeley, Somali, with the CBC crew and translated the stories of victims and the eye witness accounts.

“They were telling the truth. They actually show their wounds,” says Urdoh. “They were telling the truth. No doubt.”

Media placeholder

Crimes Against Humanity47:18

Before the war, Ali was a graduate of the Pentagon’s program for foreign officers. At the time of the armed uprising against Siad Barre in the late 1980s, America was braced by the Cold War and, in an effort to keep a country like Somalia away from Soviet influence, it was willing to support and arm Somalia’s military dictatorship, despite its blatant disregard for human rights.

The U.S. military selected and trained the best and brightest of its allies — Ali being one of them.

The case involving Ali is now with the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals in Virginia and a decision is expected soon.

 

Source: CBCNews

 

Somaliland1991

 

Yusuf Abdi Ali : The Colonel – the fifth estate CBC News

Publicerades den 29 jan. 2016

In 1992, in Crimes Against Humanity, the fifth estate first exposed the presence in Canada of an alleged war criminal: a colonel in the Somalia army, accused of brutal war crimes in that country’s brutal civil strife. His name was Yusuf Abdi Ali. Villagers in Somalia claimed he burned people alive, tied people to military vehicles and dragged them to their deaths. Within a week of our program, he was deported from Canada.

 

Source: CBC News

Somaliland1991

Somaliland Genocide 1988 The names of Generals who commited war crime and Genocide In Somaliland

Magacyada qaar ka mid ah Raggii Xasuuqa u geystay Ummadda Somaliland – print


Date:Sunday, December 23 @ 07:58:32 CET

“Anaa amray in magaalooyinka iyo wixii ku hoos jiraba la masaxo oo la burburiyo”. “Cadowbay ahaayeen gidigood Caruur,Haween iyo Ciroolaba ,kolkaa  in la xasuuqaa waxa ay aheyd waajib wadaani ah”.Waxa ay ka midka yihiin hadalada ay isku difaacaan dhagar qabayaashii maatida iyo masaakiinta xasuuqay iyagoo kalsooni qaba oo cidna wax iskaga tirrin.
General, Siyaad Barre

 

General Ali Samatar


General, Morgan

General Gaani

General Yusud Abdi Ali, Tuke

General Dafle

 

General, Adan Gobye

General Dafle

 

 

Cali Samarat.

Adan Gobyow.    Gaani.   Tuke.        Dafle/ Cadde Muuse.        Xassan Turki

By A.Aw Hussein
( An eye witness during the bombardement of cities in 1988)

Waxa aan halkan kusoo gudbinayaa liiska magacyada qaar ka mid ah dambiilayaashii xasuuqa u geystay  shacabka Somaliland.Waa ashkhaas  qofkasta oo Somalilander ahba uu xil kasaaranyahay sidii  sharciga loola tiigsan lahaa.

Fadllan ciddii heysa magacyo kale iyo macluumaad dheeraad ahba waxa laga  doonayaa in ay u gudbiyaan xukuumadda Somaliland iyo hayadaha ku shuqulka leh daba galka iyo ururinta xogahii falalkaa foosha xumaa ee lagula kacay ummadda.Waxa laga yaabaa in dadka qaarkii yidhaa dambiilayaasha nool la garaye kuwii xijaabtay maxaa laga wadwadaa.Kuwa dhintay laftooda waa in lala tiigsadaa cadaaladda oo la xukumaa iyagoo iilka kujira (posthumous trial).Waxa aan halkan ku sheegayaa in dambiyadda reer Somaliland laga galay aan lasoo koobi karrin waxase haboon in marka hore lasoo ururiyo kuwa gaadhsiisan heerka xasuuq aadanimo (genocidal crimes),Dabadeed kuwa kalena loo hawl galo iyagana.

 

 

Magaca Dambiilaha
Xilka uu hayey
Dambiga uu geystay
Cadeymo
Halka uu imika joogo
1
General Moxamed Siyaad Barre
Madaxweyne
Xasuuq.dad gaadhaya ilaa 100 000 oo ruux.
Dumintii  magaalooyinka.iwm
Isagu malaha uma baahna cadeyn, oo cid ka mormi kartaa ma jirto hagardaamadii uu somalida iyo geeska Afrikaba u geystay
Dhimay
2
General Maxamed Ali Samater
Madaxwayne ku xigeen
Xasuuq.dad gaadhaya ilaa 100 000 oo ruux.
Dumintii  magaalooyinka iwm
Afkiisa ayuu ka qirtay in uu amarka dambiyadaa in dadka lagula kaco uu hormoodayaasha ka mid ahaa.
Wareysiyow uu warbaahinta siiyo oo uu ku sheego dadkii la xasuuqay in ay cadowga dalka ahaayeen.
USA
3
General Aden Gabyow
Wasiirka  Gaashaandhiga
Xasuuq.dad gaadhaya ilaa 100 000 oo ruux.
Dumintii magaalooyinka iwm
Wasiirkii tala bixinta iyo kolba hawshu halka ay mareyso sida tooska ah uu General Morgan ugusoo tabin jiray ee ku dhiiri galiyay in uu hawsha halkaa kasii wado.
Dhimay
4
Maxamed Saciid Xirsi (Morgan)
also known as the butcher of Hargeisa
Taliyihii GobolkaW/G.&Q/Ciidamadii 26X/D
Xasuuq.dad gaadhaya ilaa 100 000 oo ruux .
Burburiskii magaalooyinka.
Maskacdii ka dambeysay dabar goynta ummadeed.
Masuulkii tooska u hogaaminayay duqeyntii magaalooyinka.
1)Copy warqadii dabargoynta .
2)Xabaalo wadareedyada wadanka ku filiqsan.
3)Duuliyihii baxsaday oo markhaati nool ah..
4) Wareysiyow uu warbaahinta siiyo oo ku sheego dadkii la xasuuqay in ay cadow ahaayeen oo istaahileen in sidaa laga yeelo.
Somalia/ Mogadishu
5
Mohamed Hashi Gani
Taliyihii GobolkaW/G.&Q/Ciidamadii 26X/D
Tacdiibta shacabka reer Somaliland nin garaado ku qaatay oo lagu abaal mariyey.Iyo dilal badan oo uu geystay kolkii uu gobolka Hargeisa badhasaabka ka ahaa Morgan hortii.
Mj.Cabsillaahi Asker oo uu sigaar shidan uu ku bakhtiiyey oo uu nolosha ku ciqaabay ayaa nool.
Dhimay
6
Colone Yussuf Abdi Ali  Tuke
Sarkaal Ciidamadii X/D G/W
Waa ninkii dadka nolosha ku aasay ee ceelal biyo ah ku duugay.
Waxa si dhib yar loo heli karaa  eheladii dadkaa uu ceelasha ku aasay
USA OR Canada
7
General Canjeex
Sarkaal Ciidamadii X/D Banaadir
Xasuuqii Xeebta Jazira.47 qof oo lasoo heyb soocay ayaa ciidan uu wataa dhagta dhiiga u daraan xeebta Jazira.
Nin ka badbaaday xasuuqaa ayaa nool
MDDLE  EAST, EUROPE or USA
8
Colonel Abdulaaziz
Taliyihii ciidanka gobolada woqooyi. Morgan dabadii
Xasuuq.dad gaadhaya ilaa 100 000 oo ruux .
Burburiskii magaalooyinka.
Masuulkii tooska u hogaaminayay duqeyntii magaalooyinka iyo tuulooyin.
Tuulooyin badan oo firxadkii dadkii magaalooyinka ka qaxay ay tageen ayaa jira oo dad iyo duunyoba wixii ku noolaa uu xagga kale u rogay .
Somalia/
Caabudwaaq.
9
Colonel Xassan Turki
Sarkaal ka tirsanaa xoogga dalka
Gacan yarayaashii  Morgan kolkii uu fulinayaey operation kii dabargoynta ummadda.
Cadeymaha loo hayo waxa ka mid ah cadhada wali uu u qabo reer Somaliland .Ninkaas oo imika sheegta wadaad waxa uu iclaamiyay in uu dagaal ku qaadayo ummadda Somaliland kol uu niman maxaakiim la baxay uu hogaankooda sar sare ka mid ahaa.
Unknown
10
Colonel Ahmed Soleiman Dafleh
Minister of Interior (long served as the head of the dreaded NSS)
Kuwa ay cadaawad aan la garaneynin ku gaamurtay.Wuxu ahaa nimankii colaadda beelaha Somalia aadka u huriyay.
Wuxu ka midka ahaa raga talada xasuuqa raarka dambe u fadhiyey ee kolba sida wax loo qabanyo tilmaamayey
ASMARA/ ERETREA

Source: Somalilandpatriots.

Yusuf Abdi Ali : The Colonel – the fifth estate General Tuke

Publicerades den 29 jan. 2016

In 1992, in Crimes Against Humanity, the fifth estate first exposed the presence in Canada of an alleged war criminal: a colonel in the Somalia army, accused of brutal war crimes in that country’s brutal civil strife. His name was Yusuf Abdi Ali. Villagers in Somalia claimed he burned people alive, tied people to military vehicles and dragged them to their deaths. Within a week of our program, he was deported from Canada.