Madaxweyne Somaliland guddi qaran oo ictiraafka raadis ah

WAR-SAXAAFADEED-Taariikh: 20/02/2016

Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyada Somaliland, Mudane Axmed Maxamed Siilaanyo waxa uu Digreeto Madaxweyne oo Summaddeedu tahay JSL/M/MG/241-3850/022016 ku Magacaabay guddi qaran oo u xilsaaran qabanqaabada Xuska Sannad Guurada 25aad ee ka soo wareegtay Maalinta Qarannimada Somaliland.

Direetada Madaxweynuhu ku magacaabay Guddida heer qaran waxay u dhignayd sidan:-

Ujeeddo: Magacaabid Guddida Agaasinka iyo Qaban-qaabadda Xuska 18 May.

Mudaneyaal iyo Marwooyin,

Sida aad la socotaan waxa foodda inagu soo haya haddii Eebe idmo Xuska Sannad Guuradda 25aad ee Maalinta Qarannimada Somaliland ee 18 May, taas oo loo baahan-yahay in sannadkan loo xuso si weyn, isla markaana Bulshada Somaliland dareenka qarannimadooda u soo bandhigaan Beesha Caalamka, meel kasta oo ay dunida dacalladeeda ka joogaan.

Sidaas darteed, waxaan mas’uuliyiinta qoraalkani sida tooska ah ugu socdo u magacaabay Guddida heer Qaran ee Agaasinka iyo Qaban-qaabadda Xuska Sannad-guuradda 25aad ee Maalinta Qarannimadda Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland ee 18 May.

Haddaba, waxaan Guddida Qaban-qaabadda ka rajaynayaa inay xil qarannimo iska saari doonnaan Xuska Maalinta 18 May oo mudan qadarin gaar ah. Sidoo kale, Maamullada Gobollada iyo Degmooyinka waxaan farayaa inay Guddida gacan buuxda ku siiyaan gudashada hawshan.

Xubnaha Guddida Agaasinka iyo Qaban-qaabadda Xuska 18 May.

1. Wasiirka Wasaaradda Arrimaha Gudaha Guddoomiye
2. Wasiirka Wasaaradda Maaliyadda Guddoomiye Ku-xigeen
3. Wasiirka Wasaaradda Gaashaandhigga Xubin
4. Wasiirka Wasaaradda Cadaaladda iyo Arrimaha Garsoorka Xubin
5. Wasiirka Warfaafinta, Dhaqanka iyo Wacyigelinta Xubin
6. Wasiiru Dawlaha Wasaaradda Madaxtooyada Xubin
7. Maayarka Caasimadda Hargeysa Xubin
8. La-taliyaha Madaxweynaha ee Arrimaha Haweenka Xubin
9. Md, Sharmarke Axmed Muxumed (Xoghayaha Golaha Wasiirrada) Xoghaye
10. Mudane, Caydaruus Mahdi Xaashi (Habmaamuus Ku-xigeenka Madaxtooyada) Xubin
11. Mudane, Mustafe Sacad Dhimbiil (SONSAF) Xubin
12. Mudane, Maxamed Axmed Maxamuud (SONSAF) Xubin
13. Marwo, Nafisa Yuusuf Aw Muxumed (NEGAAD) Xubin
14. Mudane, Siyaad Cumar Cali (SONYO) Xubin

ALLAA MAHAD LEH
Cabdiraxmaan Sh. Cilmi Fahiye (Shamax)
Af-hayeenka Madaxtooyada JSL.

Xafiiska Af-hayeenka M JSLs foto.
Xafiiska Af-hayeenka M JSLs foto.
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Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland Mudane Axmed Maxamed Siilaanyo waxa uu maanta Xafiiskiisa ku qaabiley Wefti balaadhan oo uu hogaaminaayey Safiirka Dalka Faransiiska u fadhiya Kenya Ambassador Reimi Marechaux. 18 feb 2016

Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland Mudane Axmed Maxamed Siilaanyo waxa uu maanta Xafiiskiisa ku qaabiley Wefti balaadhan oo uu hogaaminaayey Safiirka Dalka Faransiiska u fadhiya Kenya Ambassador Reimi Marechaux.

Kulankan oo ay madaxweynaha ku wehelinayeen Madaxweyne ku xigeenka, iyo xubno ka mida golihiisa wasiirada ayaa markii uu dhamaaday waxa saxaafada la hadlay Wasiirkii hore ee Duulista imikana ah Wasiirka Warfaafinta iyo Safiirka faransiiska.

Xafiiska Af-hayeenka M JSLs foto.

aaminaayey Safiirka Dalka Faransiiska u fadhiya Kenya Ambassador Reimi Marechaux.

 

Xafiiska Af-hayeenka M JSLs foto.
Xafiiska Af-hayeenka M JSLs foto.
Xafiiska Af-hayeenka M JSLs foto.
Somaliland1991

In Somaliland, less money has brought more democracy

Unable to access foreign aid, Somaliland’s government has had to negotiate with citizens and business leaders for financial support – and provide stability and democracy in return
MDG : Somaliland capital Hargeisa
Cars clog a main road in Hargeisa, capital of the breakaway region of Somaliland. Photograph: Shashank Bengali/Getty Images

As the humanitarian crisis in southern Somalia threatens millions of lives, Somalia’s little-known northern neighbour, Somaliland, is doing so well that its government recently offered to send aid across the border. That a small and relatively poor country that is also suffering from the ongoing drought would be in a position to help Somalia is itself remarkable; that Somaliland achieved this position without being officially recognised by the international community as a sovereign nation – and thus without being eligible for international assistance – is truly impressive.

But have Somaliland’s accomplishments come in spite of its ineligibility for foreign assistance, or because of it? Somaliland’s success – providing peace, stability and democracy in a region where all are scarce – is in large part due to the fact that the government has never received foreign aid. Because Somaliland’s government cannot access funding from the World Bank, IMF, or other major donors, officials were forced to negotiate with citizens and business leaders for financial support. This negotiation created the responsive political institutions that, in turn, have allowed the nation to fare relatively well in recent years and in the current crisis.

Somaliland was part of Somalia until 1991, when it seceded during the country’s civil war. When Somaliland first declared independence, its government was built around a single clan and lacked accountable political institutions. Business leaders eventually agreed to provide funds, but not until the government agreed to develop representative and accountable political institutions (a concession that politicians made only out of necessity, as it weakened their own grasp on power).

In one notable incident, the government was forced to implement democratic reforms in exchange for tax revenues from Somaliland’s main port. These revenues total less than $30m a year – a fraction of the more than $100m the government would have received from aid organisations if Somaliland had been eligible for international assistance. It is difficult to imagine that the owners of the port would have been able to exact the same concessions if the government had other funding options.

As a result of these negotiations over tax revenue, Somaliland has become an exceptional democracy. It has held multiple presidential, parliamentary and district-level elections. It has seen multiple peaceful handovers of power, including to a minority clan. It even survived a presidential election that was decided by an 80-vote margin without resorting to violence.

While the government’s limited finances prevent it from providing an ideal level of public goods, the stability it has ensured has led to an economic revival, massive gains in primary schooling, and significant reductions in infant mortality. It has also been able to facilitate a strong response to the current food shortages, which is evident in this World Food Programme map of the current incidence of famine. To be sure, there is still much work to be done but, in context, Somaliland’s accomplishments are, in the words of Human Rights Watch, “both improbable and deeply impressive”.

Of course, one might wonder whether Somaliland’s experiences can be generalised. In fact, the idea that government dependency on local tax revenues makes it more accountable has a strong historical pedigree. Political scientists and historians have long argued that the modern, representative state emerged in medieval Europe in large part as the result of negotiations between autocratic governments that needed tax revenues to survive inter-state conflicts and citizens who demanded accountability in return. Only recently, though, have development professionals have begun to recognise the implications of this line of research for modern development policy.

Certainly, not all foreign assistance is bad. Aid has clear benefits against which the potential harms discussed here must be weighed on a case-by-case basis. In a country like Nigeria, where the government has ample access to oil revenues, foreign assistance is unlikely to affect the relationship between citizens and the government. In many countries, though, aid is the largest single source of government revenue; there are 16 sub-Saharan countries in which the ratio of foreign assistance to government expenditure is greater than 50%, and in 10 of those, this ratio is greater than 75%. If these aid levels damage the quality of governance in recipient countries – as Somaliland’s experience suggests they may – then it might be the case that, in the long run, less money may actually do more good.

Nick Eubank is a PhD student in Political Economics at Stanford University’s Graduate School of Business. His paper “Taxation, Political Accountability, and Foreign Aid: Lessons from Somaliland”

is forthcoming in the Journal of Development Studies.

Somaliland1991

17 feb 2016


 

Somaliland receives a high level delegation from the Arab League 4 feb 2016

 

 

Somaliland receives a high level delegation from the Arab League

A high level delegation from the Arab League led by the Especial Envoy of the Secretary General of the Arab League Amb. Zayd Al-zabban and accompanied with three other officials arrived Somaliland on Thursday 11th Feb, 2016. Deputy Minister of Somaliland Foreign Affairs Ministry, Hon. Ahmed Ismail Aden, ambassador of Somaliland to Yemen, Ambassador At Large of Somaliland and some of the departmental directors of MOFA&IC received the delegation at the VIP Lounge of Egal Internal Airport, Hargeisa.

Amb. Al-zabban stated his mission intended to know about the overall status of the country in the all the areas as it was long time ago when they last visited Somaliland. . “We came to Somaliland to learn the development updates and take the message back to the Arab League” he said.
The delegation had meeting with the Minister of Foreign Affairs & International Cooperation, Dr. Saad Ali Shire whether the two sides shared long discussion. As per the program, the delegation then had a meeting with seven key ministries at a time at the Meeting Hall of the Ministry of Interior of Somaliland where ministries, director’s generals and other government officials as well as representatives from the private sector made presentations of the basic needs, priorities and plans of their sectors and made plea to the League of Arab States to support.

The delegation were more convinced after senior officials presented the challenges the Republic of Somaliland faces in areas such as health, water, education, environment, droughts, influx of refugees and IDPs etc and that the Arab League would seriously consider it. They were satisfied how warmly they were received and that their mission to Somaliland was very successful

Amb. Zayd Al Sabaan, Especial Envoy of the Secretary General of the Arab League was accompanized in his delegation Amb . Yazir Abdul-Mun’em Abdul-Adim, Director of Education & Scientific Research, Amb. Mohamed Abdalla Idriss, Especial Envoy of the Arab League to Somalia/Somaliland and Ahmed Haji Bakal, Member of the Office of the Secretary General of the Arab League

Source: Ministry of foreign affairs

 

 

 

FRENCH AMBASSADOR ACOMPANIED BY BOLLORE TO DISCUSS FUTURE INVESTMENTS

FRENCH AMBASSADOR ACOMPANIED BY BOLLORE TO DISCUSS FUTURE INVESTMENTS

Hargeisa, 15 February, 2016 – The French Ambassador Rémi Maréchaux who was accompanied by a large delegation including Bollore. The French ambassador and his delegation came to visit the Foreign Minister Dr. Saad Ali Shire to discuss about Berbera Corridor and ways to promote future economic developments. The French Ambassador Rémi Maréchaux mentioned that the French government aided Dr. Edna Hospital in regards to training and equipment to improve its capacity.

The two sides also discussed about the potential future banking system in the Republic of Somaliland which will attract foreign investors. French Ambassador was impressed by the progress the Republic of Somaliland is making he said “I have seen new buildings and new constructions since my last visit”.

Foreign Minister Dr. Saad Ali Shire said that “Berbera Port is a vital economic powerhouse which has the potential to become a large port in the horn of Africa which can benefit not just only Somaliland but many other African countries. It is time that Berbera Port in the Republic of Somaliland becomes a viable solution in the horn of Africa”.

The Minister also mentioned that several places in Somaliland is hit by drought, this has not just effected Somaliland but also places in Ethiopia it has become a regional issue in which the French government can assist with.

US court clears way for torture lawsuit against alleged Somali war criminal

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/02/somali-torture-lawsuit-yusuf-abdi-ali-virginia-court

Virginia court denies immunity for for Colonel Yusuf Abdi Ali, who fled to Canada and the US after serving in Somali army during Siad Barre dictatorship

Colonel Yusuf Abdi Ali
Colonel Yusuf Abdi Ali was head of the Somali army’s Fifth Brigade during the brutal Siad Barre dictatorship of the 1980s. Photograph: Center for Justice and Accountability

 

An appeals court ruling which denied an alleged war criminal from Somalia immunity from prosecution in a US courtroom is only a partial success, a human rights group said on Monday.

The decision by the fourth circuit court of appeals in Virginia has opened a path for an individual lawsuit for torture and attempted murder against Colonel Yusuf Abdi Ali, who was head of the Somali army’s Fifth Brigade during the brutal Siad Barre dictatorship of the 1980s and who fled to Canada before settling in the US.

The California-based Center for Justice and Accountability (CJA), which represents Ali’s alleged victim, Farhan Warfaa, said the three-judge panel’s ruling that stripped specific war crimes and crimes against humanity elements from the case was disappointing.

CJA lawyer Kathy Roberts said it limits the future effectiveness of the Alien Tort Statute (ATS), the two centuries-old legislation relied on by human rights groups in recent years to seek relief in American courts for foreign nationals for crimes committed against them in other countries.

“The decision appears to reverse more than three decades of legal precedent that has allowed victims of human rights abuses to bring lawsuits against the worst international human rights criminals, when they are found in this country, for mass atrocities committed abroad,” she said.

“We welcome today’s ruling that Colonel Ali must face justice for his crimes in court but we respectfully disagree with the panel’s decision to dismiss the mass atrocity claims. The attacks on Mr Warfaa were not isolated. They were part of a systematic and widespread attack on civilians. Colonel Ali should be held to account for all of his crimes.”

The CJA presented its arguments at a hearing in September, during which the judges were presented with evidence that Ali shot Warfaa five times at close range during an interrogation over the theft of a water tanker. Assuming Warfaa was dead, the lawsuit stated, Ali ordered henchmen to dispose of his body. Instead he was smuggled to safety.

Ali’s brigade continued to terrorise the Isaaq clans of the separatist province of Somaliland until Siad Barre was overthrown in 1991.

In dismissing the war crimes element of the CJA lawsuit, the judges sided with a US supreme court ruling in a separate case, Kiobel v Royal Dutch Petroleum, in which justices ruled the corporate defendant had no significant contact with the US and therefore did not “touch and concern” the country sufficiently for action under the ATS.

But on the issue of individual immunity, the panel appeared to support the ruling in another CJA case, involving Muhammad Ali Samantar, a member of Siad Barre’s revolutionary council. The panel determined that having held a government office did not provide alleged perpetrators of human rights crimes with a shield from prosecution, allowing Warfaa’s claims to continue under the Torture Victim Protection Act.

Warfaa, who was 17 at the time of his abduction and alleged torture, is now a respected village elder of his Isaaq sub-clan near the Somaliliand capital of Gabiley. He told the Guardian in September the legal action was a way to ensure that a dark period in his country’s history would not be forgotten.

“This is not just a case to me, it’s a part of my life I will never forget and I want to see those responsible realise what they have done,” he said.

“They may have forgotten but myself and others like me will never be able to. I want to see justice and I want my kids to learn that nobody is above the law and every action has a consequence, whether in this life or the afterlife.”


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The Rise of Mobile Money Services in Somaliland By Guest Writer on January 29, 2016

The Rise of Mobile Money Services in Somaliland

By Guest Writer on January 29, 2016

zaad-service

In 2009, Somaliland’s biggest mobile network operator, Telesom, launched their mobile payment service “ZAAD”, and today more than 10% of the 3.8 million inhabitants are subscribed to the service.

As with normal mobile money systems, you can transfer, receive, and deposit money with ZAAD. The mobile money service is used for different purposes such as paying for your groceries, dinner at the restaurant, or your electricity. Other money payment transactions include livestock trade, merchant payments, and bill and salary payments.

Recently on a trip to Somaliland I took through the streets Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland, my Somali colleague and I wanted to purchase some traditional Somali fabric. I brought US Dollars and some Somaliland shillings with me as both currencies can be used in Somaliland. But within a few seconds, my colleague paid for the fabric through his mobile money wallet, and the transaction took less than 10 seconds.

Payments in Somaliland that are done via mobile money services appear to be the most convenient financial tool, especially for merchant payments. In most shops there is a ZAAD account number written on a board that customers should to use when paying for their products.

I was surprised by the level of use and the trust in mobile money services that I experienced in Somaliland. While I have likewise experienced a common use of mobile money in Tanzania and Kenya (though as part of different set of financial tools such as a bank account) it seems to be different in Somaliland and largely affects everyday life.

In 2013, Somalilanders carried out 30 ZAAD transactions per month on average, compared to the global average of 8.5 transactions, according to GSMA. The service is special compared to other mobile money services, as it there is no charge when using it. Instead Telesom ZAAD gets profit from different services, such as airtime recharge.

In Somaliland there are no international commercial banks running, because of the lack of recognition as an independent country. Instead, Somalilanders have been depending on Mobile Transfer Operators (MTOs), such as Dahabshiil, that allow for international remittance transfers.

Other Mobile Money Services in Somaliland

Interoperability exists between MTOs and the telecom industry in Somaliland. The few banks or MTOs existing in Somaliland, such as Dahabshiil, are typically used for international remittance transfers, especially from the Somali diaspora to their families and friends in Somaliland. Dahabshiil has branches in 126 countries worldwide.

Another example is WorldRemit – an online transfer system that allows an individual to send money to a person’s mobile wallet so that he/she can go claim the transfer amount at a Telesom shop.

Somtel, the competitor of Telesom, has only a bit of the market share in the country with their mobile money services. However, Somtel International and Dahabshiils group launched their own mobile money system called “E-Dahab” in 2015 for Somtel Users. With E-Dahab a person can put money into her/his mobile wallet account, and as with ZAAD, amongst others, use it for merchant payments.

Not only is competition between Mobile Network Operators (MNOs) getting more vivid, but MTOs and MNOs are forming partnerships to try and create better services for the population to embrace. It is the realization of mobile money as a significant tool that can help to create a financial infrastructure that has not been present in Somaliland, and it can help to develop basic and potentially better financial structures in the country.

A Background on Somaliland

Somaliland is often unknown to the outside world mostly because of their lack of recognition as an independent nation state. It had its secession from the rest of Somalia in 1991, and it has since shown a spectacular case of peacebuilding, highly supported by traditional elders and clan leaders.

Today Somaliland is a democracy with a multi-party system, supported by the house of elders (guurti), following both traditional law (xeer) and sharia law. This state of relative peace is quite the opposite of its southern neighbor that still struggles with war and insecurity, especially with Al-Shabaab controlling large parts of South Central Somalia.

Somaliland has the fourth lowest GDP in the world, and there are huge socio-economic challenges for Somaliland, with an unemployment rate between 60-70% among youth, if not higher. According to GSMA, in 2013, 70% of the population was illiterate and 98% were financially excluded. One could see this as preventing people from accepting and trusting mobile money services, such as ZAAD, but so far, there is a growing number of Somalilanders incorporating the service into their everyday lives.

Mathilde Krabbe Krogholt specializes in ICT4Development and is involved in the “Somaliland Youth Empowerment Initiative Project” between with the Danish NGO, Afrika Kontakt and the Somaliland NGO, Haqsoor.

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Guest Writer
This Guest Post is an ICTworks community knowledge-sharing effort. We actively solicit original content and search for and re-publish quality ICT-related posts we find online. If you’d like to suggest a post (even your own), please email jana at inveneo dot org or on Twitter @JanaMelpolder