Khudbada Madaxweynaha ee 26-ka June 2016 (56th Anniversary) Madaxweynaha Khudbaddiisi oo dhamays tiran ayaa u dhignayd sidan:

 

 

Madaxweynaha Khudbaddiisi oo dhamays tiran ayaa u dhignayd sidan:

 

Khudbada Madaxweynaha ee 26-ka June (56th Anniversary)

Mudanayaal iyo Marwooyin,

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Ugu horreyn, waxaan hambalyo iyo boggaadin balaadhan hawada u marinayaa dhammaan Shacbi-weynaha Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland meel ay joogaanba Munaasibadda Sannad Guurada 56aad ee Madax-bannaanida Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland ee 26 June, 1960-kii.

Dawladda Ingiriisku waxay soo caga-dhigatay Carriga Somaliland 1887-kii, iyadoo aan xoog ku qabsan, balse ku timi heshiis ay la galeen beel-daajiyaashii iyo birmageydadii hormuudka u ahayd Bulshada Somaliland xiligaa.

Somaliland ma ahayn dal toos loo guumaystay sida dalalka Africa badankooda, hase yeeshee, waxay ahayd maxmiyad ay ilaaliso ama maamusho ciiddeeda, boqortooyadii aan calankeeda cadceedu ka dhici jirin.

In ka badan qarni badhkii ayaa laga joogaa maalintii Somaliland noqotay Jamhuuriyad Madax-bannaan oo leh Dawlad iyo Dal, la aqoonsan yahay.

Halgan qadhaadh iyo hayaan dheer oo loo soo galay xaqiijinta himilladii gobonnimo doonka, waxay Somaliland nasiib u yeelatay in ay ku guulaysato qarannimo buuxda, isla markaana noqoto dalkii 15aad ee Qaaradda Africa qaatay madax-bannaani, taasoo cadaynaysa in aynu ka hana-qaad horreynay badiba waddamada bariga iyo badhtamaha Africa, sida; Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Djibouti, Somalia, Eretria, Rwanda, Burundi, Central African Republic, Mozambique, Zambia iyo Malawi.

Waxa hambalyo mudan halyeyadii xasiliyey gobonnimadaa, waxaan si gaar ah u xusayaa Xisbiyadii Siyaasiga ahaa ee SNL, NUF, iyo USP oo door weyn ka qaatay.

Sidoo kale, waxaan ugu ducaynayaa intii dhimatay, hal-doorkii taariikhda halgankaa ku suntanaa iyo mujaahidiintii ku shahiiday halgankii dib ula soo noqoshada madax-bannaanida Somaliland in Eebbe naxariistii janno ka waraabiyo, fadliga bisha Ramadaanna ugu dambi dhaafo.

Ka Sokow in aynu noqon-nay Ummadda Soomaaliyeed dalkii iyo dadkii ugu horreeyey ee noqday qaran xor ah, waxa xaqiiq ah in Bulshada Somaliland ay hormuud ka ahayd hammigii lixdankii ee salka ku hayey in la abuuro qaran weyn oo ay shanta Soomaaliyeedba ku dhan tahay.

Jibbadii iyo Soomaali jacaylkii quluubteenna jeexay, wuxuu keenay in shan cisho ka dib aynu deg-deg ugu biirno dalkii Soomaaliya ee Talyaanigu gumaysan jiray shuruud la’aan, isla maalintii uu gobonnimada qaatay 1-dii July, 1960.

Inkasta oo uu ahaa il-duuf siyaasadeed oo ina dhaxal-siiyey dhibaato badan, haddana dhinaca kale, waxaan la dafiri karin inuu ahaa go’aan geesinimo leh oo ay qaadan karto oo keliya ummad gob ah oo garasho dheer lihi.

Midowgii dhex-maray labadii dal ee Somaliland iyo Soomaaliya wuxuu noqday madhalays aan la mahadin.

Nasiib darro, waxa laga dheefay oo qudha nacayb, Niyad jab iyo naxli la dhex dhigo Ummaddii Soomaaliyeed ee isu haysay hilowga iyo kalgacalka.

Murti Soomaaliyeed ayaa tidhaahda “Daayeerow Qadhaab ka waran? wuxuu yidhi, Tunkayga iyo Tagoogayga ka eeg”. Sidaa darteed, waxaan leeyahay Shacbiga Somaliland soddonkii sanno ee ay ka mid ahaayeen dal weynihii Soomaaliya ma jiro wax faa’iido ah oo ay ka dhaxleen haba-yaraatee.

Marka la barbar dhigo 25-kan sanno ee aynu la soo noqonnay madax bannaanideenna, waxa inoo kordhay ayaa ka badan boqolkiiba sagaashan, iyadoo aynaan helin taageero luxdan iyo aqoonsi caalami ah toona.

Mudanayaal iyo Marwooyin,

Waxaannu xasuusinaynaa Dalkii aannu ka go’nay ee Soomaaliya, Dalalka Midowga Afrika, Midowga Yurub, Maraykanka, Jaamacadda Carabta, Ururka Islaamka iyo dhammaan Dalalka ku Midoobay Jamciyadda Quruumaha ka dhaxaysa arrimaha hoos ku xusan:-

1)       Somaliland waxay ahayd dal gaar ah, oo xornimadiisii ka qaatay 26 June, 1960-kii Dawladdii Ingiriiska. Waxaannu ku biirnay lana midawnay 1-dii July, dalkii Soomaaliya oo Talyaanigu gumaysan jiray.

2)       Shacbiga Somaliland waxay si cad u diideen June, 1961-kii, aftidii loo qaaday dastuurkii cusbaa ee loo sameeyey dalkii lagu midoobay ee la magac baxay Jamhuuriyaddii Soomaaliya, oo haatan meesha ka baxday.

3)        Muddo yar ka dib, markii Shacbiga Somaliland garwaaqsadeen inay ku hungoobeen midnimadii, waxay Saraakiishii ka soo jeeday Gobollada Waqooyi sameeyeen December, 1961-kii inqilaab dhicisoobay, kaas oo ujeeddadiisu ahayd inay dib u soo celiyaan Xornimadii Somaliland ee luntay.

4)       Somaliland rubuc qarnigii u danbeeyey kama qayb qaadan shirarkii kala duwanaa ee dib u heshiisiinta Soomaaliya marnaba.

Sidoo kale, kama mid aha Nidaamka Federaalka yegleesha ah ee ay ku midoobeen maamul goboleedyada ka jira Soomaaliya, kuwaas oo saxeexay, isla markaana ogolaaday heshiisyada iyo Axdiga (Road map-ka) ay ku dhisan tahay Dawladda Federaalka Soomaaliya.

5)       Somaliland waxay xornimadeedii la soo noqotay 18-kii May 1991-kii, ka dib markii ay Salaadiinta, Garaadada iyo Wax-garadka Beelaha Waqooyi shir isugu yimaadeen Magaalada Burco go’aan midaysanna ay ku gaadheen in madax bannaanidoodii ay dib ula soo noqdaan.

6)       Shacbiga Somaliland waxay bishii May, 2001-dii kalsooni cod buuxa %97 ku taageereen aftidii loo qaaday dastuurka cusub ee Jamhuriyadda Somaliland  iyo Qadiyadda Gooni-isu-taaga dalka.

Arrimahani waxay daliil cad u yihiin in jiritaanka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland aanay ahayn wax ku dhisan riyo iyo dhalanteed, balse ay tahay mid ka turjumaysa xaqiiqada dhabta ah iyo go’aanka shacbigani qaatay.

Sidaa darteed, waxaa mudan in la ixtiraamo xaqa aayo ka tashiga iyo rabitaanka Shacbiga Somaliland.

Mudanayaal iyo Marwooyin,

Waxaan leeyahay marnaba u dulqaadan mayno cid kasta oo fad-qalale iyo fara-gelin ku samaysa ciidayada iyo calankayaga. Xaqa aayo ka tashiga iyo xuquuqda aasaasiga ah ee dalkayga iyo dalkayga, iyo Xuduudaha Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland dhammaan waa lama taabtaan aan lagu xad gudbi karin.

Wada-hadallada Somaliland Iyo Soomaaliya

Mudanayaal iyo Marwooyin,

Xukuumadda aan madaxda ka ahay waxay diyaar u tahay ambaqaadka iyo sii wadista wada hadallada Somaliland iyo Soomaaliya.

Haddaba, si looga gun gaadho wada hadallada labada dal u dhexeeya natiijo wax ku ool ah, waxaan ku baaqayaa in gogosha la ballaadhiyo, dalal laysla gartayna ay goob joog ka noqdaan.

Dhinaca kale, waxaannu soo dhaweynaynaa dedaallada Beesha Caalamku ugu jirto sidii Soomaaliya nabad loogu soo dabbaali lahaa, isla markaana dawlad adag loogu dhisi lahaa dabayaaqada sannadka 2016-ka.

Hasa-yeeshee, waxaannu dunida u caddaynaynaa in Somaliland tahay dal madax-bannaan oo aan ka mid ahayn maamul goboleedyada ku midoobay Nidaamka Federaalka.

Mar labaad, waxaan ku celinayaa Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland ma meteli karaan shakhsiyaad danaystayaal ah oo Muqdisho laga cugtay. Waa maag iyo meel ka dhac qaawan in magaca qarankayaga loo cimaamado cid aan shacbiweynaha Somaliland dooran, ama aanay ceelalyo u diran.

Baaq Nabadeed:

Nabaddu waa aasaaska noloshada aadamaha, waana waxa aynu ummad ahaan ku soo cawo iyo caano maalnay. Sidaa dateed, aniga oo munaasibadan ka faa’iidaysanaya, waxaan baaq nabadeed u dirayaa beelaha walaalaha ah ee dhibtu ku dhexmartay deegaanka Dharkeengeeye iyo Dhumay. Waxaan leeyahay, walaalayaal colaad wiil baa ku dhinta ee wiil kuma dhasho.

Dhinaca kale, waxaan filayaa in aad waayo arag u tihiin madhaxa iyo milalka ay colaadu reebto. Haddaba, waxaan madax-dhaqameedyada iyo waxgaradka labada beelood ugu baaqayaa inay joojiyaan  dhiiga daadanaya iyo dhagarta dhexdooda ah.

Waxa kale oo aan ugu baaqayaa in ay la shaqeeyaan, isla markaana gacan siiyaan Ciidammada Qaranka ee ku kala dhex jira iyo Ergooyinka nabadeed ee gurmadka ugu tagay dhex-dhexaadintooda.

Waxaan hambalyo iyo bogaadin u dirayaa Ergada isugu jirta Salaadiinta iyo Xubnaha Golaha Guurtida Somaliland ee gurmadka ku tagtay deegaannadaa mashaqadu ka dhacday, iyo cutubyada ka tirsan Ciidammada Qaranka ee nabad ilaalinta u jooga deegaannada Koonfurta Laascaanood.

Waxaan ku guubaabinayaa in ay dedaalka halkaa ka sii wadaan, kana daalin hawsha islaaxa ah ee ay ka shaqaynayaan. Waxaan Eebbe uga baryayaa in uu ka abaal mariyo shaqadaa wanaagsan, miisaanka xasanaadkoodana ugu biiriyo.

Ugu dambayn, waxaan Shacbiga Somaliland ugu baaqayaa in ay meel uga soo wada jeestaan difaaca qarannimadooda, adkaynta midnimadooda iyo ilaalinta amniga Eebbe ina siiyey.

Qof kasta oo muwaadin ah, waxa waajib ku ah in uu gacan siiyo Hay’addaha Amniga Qaranka u xilsaaran ee hadh iyo habeen u adeegaya ilaalinta danaha guud.

Mar labaad, waxaan shacbi-weynaha ugu baaqayaa in ay ka qayb-qaataan xaqiijinta himilooyinka iyo hayaanka aynu ku hiigsanayno horumarka dalkeena, kaas oo yool iyo abbaar u ah xukuumadda aan gadh-wadeenka ka ahay.

Waxaan u digayaa dadka ku hawlan inay carqaladeeyaan mashaariicda horumarka ee dalka ka socda, waxaanan leeyahay dawladi indho qudhaanjo ayey leedahay.

Si aynu u helno deeq iyo dambi dhaaf Alle, waxa lagama-maarmaan ah in aynu ummad ahaan isa-saamaxno, isla markaana isu-uur samaanno.

Waxaynu ku jirnaa bil barakaysan oo khayr badan, waxaan ILAAHAY Subxaanahu Watacaalaa ka baryayaa in uu innaga iyo dhammaan ummadaha muslimiinta u dambi dhaafo, Soonka, Sekeda iyo Salaada inaga aqbalo, isla markaana cadaabkiisa inaga xorreeyo Aamiin……Aamiin……..Aamiin.

Guntii iyo Gabegabadii,

Waxaan jecelahay in martida sharafta leh ee kala duduwan ee Mudanayaal iyo Marwooyinba leh aan  uga mahad-celinayaa ka soo qayb-galka munaasibaddan qiimaha badan.

Si gaar ah, waxaan ugu mahadcelinayaa Wakiillada Dawladaha Jabuuti iyo Turkiga ee u fadhiya Dalka Somaliland.

 

Somaliland1991 News Center

26 Juun 2016

Parents in Somaliland are buying their sons taxis so they won’t risk their lives trying to reach Europe

Parents in Somaliland are buying their sons taxis so they won’t risk their lives trying to reach Europe


Monday, June 20, 2016


Reuters/ Feisal Omar

In Somaliland, parents are trying to dissuade their children from dangerous and illegal migration to Europe by buying them second-hand cars that can be operated as taxis. These cabs, now ubiquitous in Hargeisa, the capital of the self-declared state in Somalia, have become known as hooyo ha tahriibin, which translates roughly as a mother pleading “my son, do not tahriib.”

Tahribi, the Arabic word for “smuggle” has come to mean illegal emigration in Somali, where the flood of young people attempting to leave for Europe is considered a national disaster. This is according to a recent blog post by Nino-ilhan Ali, a doctoral researcher studying Somaliland at the School of Oriental and African Studies.

Over the past few years, Somalis from Somaliland have been joining their counterparts fleeing civil war in Somalia for Europe by way of Ethiopia, Sudan, Libya, and the Mediterranean Sea—a dangerous sea crossing that claimed the lives of almost 4,000 refugees last year. So far this year, Somalis accounted for 8% of all sea arrivals into Italy, the third top source country of refugees attempting to cross the Mediterranean.

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According to Ali, one common assumption about refugee source countries like Somaliland is that families encourage emigration as a way to broaden their sources of income. But in Somaliland, most migrants are young men who leave on their own without their family’s approval or knowledge.Smugglers transporting these migrants often demand ransoms and other expenses from the family later. According to Ali’s research, families in Somaliland spend on average about $7,661 on tahriib-related costs, a difficult expense to shoulder in a state where the GDP per capita is just $348 a year, the fourth lowest in the world. The smugglers sometimes demand ransoms from the families as they hold their son hostage.

By spending between $2,000 and $3,000 on a second-hand car, families hope to give their children a source of income and reason to stay.

It’s unclear whether this strategy is working. Youth unemployment in the self-declared state is estimated to be as high as 70%, but analysts say there are other reasons factoring into young people’s decision to leave, including Somaliland’s lack of international recognition, and the number of Somali people already living abroad.

Making money from the taxis also isn’t a sure bet. Hargeisa is now crowded with hooyo ha tahriibin taxis. “What is clear is that households in Somaliland are not encouraging their young to embark on the dangerous journey to Europe. Instead, they are proactively looking for ways to halt the trend,” Ali concludes.

 

Somaliland1991 News Center

26 June 2016

Somaliland: Kill All but the Crows Al jazeera

People and Power goes on the trail of a Somali army commander accused of involvement in mass killings and war crimes.


To much of the world, Somalia has a fearsome reputation. It is seen as one of the most dangerous places on the planet – a failed state that is widely believed to be home to warlords, pirates and terrorists.

But in the north of the country, at least, the reality is different.

Somaliland is an autonomous enclave with its own flourishing capital city, Hargeisa. Though a long way off from receiving international recognition as an independent state, it is a haven of peace and stability when compared with the rest of Somalia.

But Somaliland has its dark side. Within living memory its citizens fell victim to the most savage of state-sponsored atrocities. General Siad Barre – the ruthless dictator who ruled Somalia from 1969 to 1991 – went to war with the clans who inhabited the area. Believing them to be supporting a rebellion against his regime, he took revenge by sending in his army with a mandate to “kill all but the crows”.

The city of Hargeisa was virtually destroyed during intense and pitiless bombardment. Many thousands of people were killed or driven into exile. Barre’s soldiers, meanwhile, tortured and murdered as many as 50,000 others – most of them civilians – and buried their bodies in mass graves. Now, as those who still live in this region try to secure their future, some feel those past agonies should be re-examined and those responsible held to account.

In this exclusive two-part investigation, People and Power meets a community coming to terms with the horrors of the past and joins forces with a group of forensic investigators and human rights activists attempting to bring an alleged war criminal, Yusuf Abdi Ali, also known as Colonel Tukeh, to account. 

FILMMAKERS’ VIEW

By Zach Jama

Throughout the process of shooting these two films, every time I met someone affected by violence against the inhabitants of northern Somalia, I couldn’t help but reflect that it could have been me standing in front of the camera offering testimony, that it could have been members of my family wiped out by the Somali military 25 years ago. My parents are from this region of Somalia, today known as Somaliland, and, indeed, from the very clan that was targeted for annihilation by the forces of the dictator Siad Barre.

But, growing up in Canada, I had never heard of these mass atrocities – my family sought to insulate me from the horrors which they fled, and never spoke of the violence and murder that had erupted at that time. It was only when I decided to visit my ancestral homeland, as an adult, that I came face to face with the terrible violence that has marked so many lives in this region.

It was a chance encounter with Jose Pablo Baraybar, the world-renowned forensic investigator, and local Somali human rights activist Aziz Deria, several members of whose family were murdered and buried in mass graves, that made me realise I had to document the important work they were doing, aimed at uncovering the crimes ordered by Barre’s government and carried out by the Somali military during those dark years.

Baraybar’s Peruvian Team of Forensic Anthropologists were attempting to exhume a mass grave where it was believed soldiers had dumped the bodies of local residents they had murdered. The team hoped, with the help of relatives still living in the area, that they might be able to identify the remains and gain evidence to support witness accounts of how these people met their end. I knew immediately that I wanted to bring their work to a wider audience. I hoped that by doing so I might play a part in this effort to examine what it means to attempt reconciliation and closure after so many years.

Jose Pablo Baraybar’s Peruvian Team of Forensic Anthropologists attempt to exhume a mass grave in Somaliland [Al Jazeera]


In early 2016, my team and I returned to Somaliland to film the forensic investigation,as well as the effect this work was having on the local community. We were overwhelmed by the willingness of survivors of violent incidents to share their stories – it was like opening Pandora’s box; the silence was broken, and almost every member of the community had a story to tell.

Despite the evident willingness of Somalilanders to share their experiences, asking people to tell us about some of their worst days on earth is always a challenge. At times, the camera felt like a new tormentor, interfering with people who had restarted their lives and overcome trauma, while at others we were able to capture their pain unfolding once again, after years spent buried away in the depths of their psyche. We can only hope that this two-part investigation will help spark a healthy and healing dialogue and that, as such, it was worth any pain that was sparked anew during the filmmaking process.

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By far the prevalent attitude in the Somali community towards the civil war is to forgive and forget. The fact that my parents never told me about the atrocities experienced within our own extended family is testament to this unspoken Somali desire. Nevertheless, this can leave younger generations bereft of the opportunity to learn from past mistakes.

Somalis born after the civil war can find themselves feeling this trauma handed down from one generation to another, without being able to fully grasp its cause. This project is an attempt to record those facts and offer commentary on the present forms of justice available to the many thousands of genocide victims. Without an acknowledgement of suffering, there can be no healthy dialogue, no reconciliation and no true acceptance. To move forward once and for all, Somalis must truly address the horrors of the past and move together beyond the artificial boundaries of clan.

Source: People & Power, Al Jazeera

Somalilaland1991 News Center

18 June 2016

Somaliland Genocide Al jazeera People and Power

Somaliland Genocide Al jazeera People and Power

 

Source: Aljazeera

Somaliland1991 News Center

17 June 2016

Dood laga doodayey qadiyaadda Somaliland doodayey baarlamanka Sweden

Somaliland1991 News Center

160612

 

Barnaamijka ka sheekeeynaya taariikhda soomaalida waxa soo diyaariyey Cawke iyo Aadan Nuux Dhuule

Barnaamijka ka sheekeeynaya taariikhda soomaalida waxa soo diyaariyey Cawke iyo Aadan Nuux Dhuule

Somaliland1991 News Center

12 Juune 2016

ALJAZEERA DOCUMENTRY BILOWGII SOMALILAND IYO MADAXWEYNE CIGAAL Aljazeera tv

ALJAZEERA DOCUMENTRY BILOWGII SOMALILAND IYO MADAXWEYNE CIGAAL

 

Waa barnaamij aad iyo aad u xiiso leh. waa mid taariikhiya.  bal waxa aad sameeysaa is bar bardhig 1997 oo barnaamijkan la duubay iyo minka 2016. waa muddo ay iminka ka soo wareegaty muddo 20 sanno.

Somaliland1991 News Center

12 June 2016

 

Halkan ka daawo janaasadii feedh-yahanka caanka ahaa INJHKW Maxamed Cali

 

Waxaa ka soo qeyb galay janaasasadan, kumaankun oo qof, oo ku tukaday salaatul Janaasa, Maxamed Cali.

Waxaa maanta oo ay taariikhdu 10 Juun 2016 tahay oo jimce lagu aasay, magaaladii uu ku dhashay kuna soo barbaaray. Louisville.

Boqolaal kun oo ruux ayaa wadooyinka la marinayey meydka marxuumka Maxamed Cali, tubnaa/taagnaa Marxuumka oo lagu siday gaadhidiga naxashka qaada

Louisville,

Somaliland1991 News Center

10 June 216

A Very Unhappy Birthday for Somaliland (The National Interest)

A Very Unhappy Birthday for Somaliland

At 25, the unrecognized republic is left to struggle alone.

June 6, 2016

Printer-friendly version

On May 18 of this year, Somaliland turned twenty-five. Yet the anniversary is cause for a bittersweet celebration at best. Peace has improbably reigned since this enclave of the Horn of Africa obtained de facto independence in 1991. During those two and a half decades, the world has forgotten this unlikely outpost of functioning government, which has run free democratic elections since 2003 embedded in the chaos of the failed State of Somalia. As a result, 3.5 million Somalilanders have been raised stateless, victims of a legal asterisk that shuts them off from the world and—by extension—prosperity.

The African Union, based in neighboring Addis Ababa, is reluctant to grant Somaliland recognition. The AU and Ethiopia fear to trigger claims to independence in Africa, but in particular in the Ogaden region, whose independence claims it has long sought to stifle. Ethnic Somalis live in the Ogaden region and an unrecognized Somaliland has the dual benefit of weakening Somalia—Ethiopia’s rival—and Somaliland, whose roads the Abyssinian uses paying minimal taxes to reach the port of Berbera in the Gulf of Aden.

Yet, if Somaliland is to prolong its precarious peace and stability, it will need some form of legal recognition and an infusion of development aid. Donors should be eager for one of two things: a rare development success story that beats the odds put forward by the United Nations and could serve as a model; or shoring up a place home to two million people between the ages of fifteen and twenty-five that is currently a bastion against terrorism but could morph into a buzzing hive of it. In a region beset by turmoil, Somaliland is one of the few places that repeatedly proves its ability to survive like a stubborn weed growing in the cracked and barren political soil of one of the world’s most failed states.

With virtually no help, Somaliland has earned the label of “emerging democracy” from Freedom House. Their three-party system is inspired by British parliamentarism and is a remarkable success of bottom-up grassroots political mobilization and organization. Together with Kenya, Somaliland is one of the only countries considered at least “partly free” in East and Central Africa. I lived in Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland, for a year. It’s a blip surrounded by the empty lands of pastoralist herders, but home to bustling cafes and restaurants. Even though Hargeisa is legally isolated from the world, Somaliland cries out to be an open society. Last year, for the May 18 independence celebrations, I attended a banquet at the Ministry of Interior. Renditions of poems and songs complemented traditional dishes whilst politicians assured us that international recognition was, finally, within reach. This year, celebrations were tainted with sorrow due to the ongoing drought in the country, which has wiped out scores of cattle.

The contrast could not have been starker compared to my short stints in Mogadishu, a city shrouded in the smell of gunpowder and an air of hopeless pessimism that can only be produced by decades trapped in a war of attrition. I could walk around Hargeisa, day or night; Westerners would only walk around Mogadishu if they had a death wish or a penchant for being kidnapped. Even for Somalilanders, Mogadishu is considered too dangerous—most have never been. Al Shabaab is still prevalent enough for Mogadishu residents not to pick up the phone if it rings from an unknown number.

Yet, in spite of this contrast of fresh hope versus withering stagnation made worse by the creeping vine of homegrown terrorism, international development efforts typically treat both countries as a single forsaken wasteland and lack of recognition means the United Nations are not legally allowed to dispense aid directly to Somaliland. Meanwhile, the stubborn refusal to legally recognize Somaliland and to treat it as a regional problem creates an unbreakable ceiling of potential. Even with good governance and admirable tenacity, a country can only get so far going it alone in a bad neighborhood. Between Somalia and Somaliland, only one country has border controls, a cohesive army, functioning security services, and a government enjoying some level of popular legitimacy—and it’s the one that isn’t legally recognized.

I saw this paradoxical reality daily. Abdifattah, a taxi driver in his mid-twenties who speaks perfect English, keeps his car registration easily accessible as he faces routine license and registration checks in Hargeisa; in Mogadishu vehicles do not even have license plates. Abdifattah’s life not only illustrates the genuine State capacity of Somaliland, it also embodies its stunted future. Abdifattah drifts across the streets of Hargeisa carried by the lyrics of 50 Cent and Stromae in his Toyota imported from the United Arab Emirates. A forgotten child of the era of globalization, he has matured into an adult within a society that the world has deliberately cast aside: the Somaliland passport is recognized in just eight countries and the odds of being granted a visa are dismally low.

 

Source: The National Interest

Somaliland1991 News Center

8 June 2016

Halkan ka daawo Ciyaartii dhex martay xulka qaranka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland iyo Szekely land. ee dalka Abshezia 2016 Conifa

Halkan ka daawo Ciyaartii dhex martay xulka qaranka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland iyo Szekely land. ee dalka Abshezia 2016 Conifa

 

Somaliland1991 News Center

Al jazeera in CONIFA CUP, Somaliland

 

Somaliland1991 News Center

442 million dollar contract was announced this month to develop the Port of Berbera in Somaliland.

442 million dollar contract was announced this month  to develop the Port of Berbera in Somaliland.

Paul Whiteway is Director of Independent Diplomat’s London office. In addition to managing ID’s London office, he is responsible for cultivating government and client relationships.   Paul has over 30 years of experience as a career diplomat in the UK Foreign Office, with extensive experience in Africa and Latin America.  Most recently, Paul served as an Associate Consultant of GDP Global, an economic promotion and business development consultancy.

The contract between Somaliland and Dubai-backed DP World will develop a regional trade and logistics hub. Despite recently celebrating its 25th year of self-declared independence, Somaliland isn’t recognised internationally. The former British protectorate is considered an autonomous region of Somalia. RFI’s Daniel Finnan spoke to Paul Whiteway from Independent Diplomat, an organisation that advises the Somaliland government…

Radio France Internationale’s English service
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Daniel Finnan
twitter.com/Daniel_Finnan

Photo: Paul Whiteway, via Independent Diplomat:
independentdiplomat.org/about-us/staf…aul-whiteway

United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC), EUCAP Nestor and the Somaliland Coast Guard announced today the opening of the Berbera Maritime Operations Center. The center, operated by the Somaliland Coast Guard and part of the OBP Maritime Communications Initiative, will crea

Oceans Beyond Piracy (OBP), United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC), EUCAP Nestor and the Somaliland Coast Guard announced today the opening of the Berbera Maritime Operations Center. The center, operated by the Somaliland Coast Guard and part of the OBP Maritime Communications Initiative, will create maritime situational awareness and improve the safety of Somaliland waters for local maritime traffic. The center is also expected to assist in combatting illegal fishing, piracy and other maritime crimes.

Sunset at Berbera (Photo: Saim Orhan)

The opening of the center, primarily funded by the Taipei Representative Office in the European Union and Belgium, was marked by a ceremony attended by officials from OBP, Somaliland, the United Nations, and the European Union. To improve communication and visibility with traffic in Somali waters, the new center features updated equipment and systems including VHF and HF radios and the internetbased SEA VISION maritime situational awareness system. The center is solar powered to maximize operating efficiency and reduce costs. Internet was provided by the Somaliland government to enable these capabilities and ensure the long term sustainability of the center.

According to the ROC Representative to the EU and Belgium, Tung Kyo-yu, “The centers will collaborate with international naval forces and local authorities to increase the safety of seafarers operating in the region.”

EUCAP Nestor and OBP carried out initial training for the operations staff, on board the EUNAVFOR vessel, FGS ERFURT. The staff was trained in maritime communications procedures and the basics of maritime situational awareness and information sharing. It is expected that a long-term partnership for coordinated training will continue to provide needed training and mentoring for the center.

According to Ben Lawellin, the OBP Manager for the project, “The development of the center was a team effort between a number of international actors, and we expect that this coordination will continue. We could not have done this without the help and prompt assistance from the Somaliland authorities.”

Work on the next Somali center is expected to begin this fall.

Via: http://oceansbeyondpiracy.org/

 

Somaliland1991 News Center

SOMALILAND RECOGNITION That this House congratulates the people of Somaliland as they celebrate the 25th anniversary of reclaiming their independence; recognises the strong historical ties between Somaliland and the United Kingdom; welcomes the strong cooperation between the UK Government and Somaliland (parliament.uk)

SOMALILAND RECOGNITION That this House congratulates the people of Somaliland as they celebrate the 25th anniversary of reclaiming their independence; recognises the strong historical ties between Somaliland and the United Kingdom; welcomes the strong cooperation between the UK Government and Somaliland (parliament.uk)

Early day motion 28

SOMALILAND RECOGNITION

That this House congratulates the people of Somaliland as they celebrate the 25th anniversary of reclaiming their independence; recognises the strong historical ties between Somaliland and the United Kingdom; welcomes the strong cooperation between the UK Government and Somaliland through existing development aid and help in sustaining democratic institutions in Somaliland, in particular the work of the Department for International Development, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the British Armed Forces; believes that Somaliland has both earned and deserves a higher level of support and encouragement from the international community; calls on the Government to facilitate an independent review of the recognition of Somaliland as an independent country; and notes the impressive 25 year record of democratic development and governance, acting as a beacon of peace and stability within one of the world’s more turbulent regional environments.

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Total number of signatures: 27

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Showing 27 out of 27

Name Party Constituency Date Signed
Ali, Rushanara Labour Party Bethnal Green and Bow 18.05.2016
Betts, Clive Labour Party Sheffield South East 18.05.2016
Brown, Alan Scottish National Party Kilmarnock and Loudoun 25.05.2016
Bruce, Fiona Conservative Party Congleton 18.05.2016
Cherry, Joanna Scottish National Party Edinburgh South West 25.05.2016
Day, Martyn Scottish National Party Linlithgow and East Falkirk 23.05.2016
Doughty, Stephen Labour Party Cardiff South and Penarth 18.05.2016
Fellows, Marion Scottish National Party Motherwell and Wishaw 25.05.2016
Fitzpatrick, Jim Labour Party Poplar and Limehouse 26.05.2016
Flynn, Paul Labour Party Newport West 24.05.2016
Glindon, Mary Labour Party North Tyneside 25.05.2016
Grady, Patrick Scottish National Party Glasgow North 19.05.2016
Gray, Neil Scottish National Party Airdrie and Shotts 25.05.2016
Harris, Carolyn Labour Party Swansea East 23.05.2016
Huq, Rupa Labour Party Ealing Central and Acton 24.05.2016
Law, Chris Scottish National Party Dundee West 26.05.2016
Lefroy, Jeremy Conservative Party Stafford 18.05.2016
MacNeil, Angus Scottish National Party Na h-Eileanan an Iar 24.05.2016
McNally, John Scottish National Party Falkirk 23.05.2016
Meale, Alan Labour Party Mansfield 23.05.2016
Monaghan, Paul Scottish National Party Caithness Sutherland and Easter Ross 23.05.2016
Ryan, Joan Labour Party Enfield North 19.05.2016
Saville Roberts, Liz Plaid Cymru Dwyfor Meirionnydd 19.05.2016
Shannon, Jim Democratic Unionist Party Strangford 19.05.2016
Stephens, Christopher Scottish National Party Glasgow South West 23.05.2016
Twigg, Stephen Labour Party Liverpool West Derby 18.05.2016
Umunna, Chuka Labour Party Streatham 23.05.2016

Source: Parlament UK

Somaliland1991 News Center

Somaliland: Making a success of ‘independence’ (By Mary Harper Africa editor, BBC World Service News)

 

Somaliland: Making a success of ‘independence’

  • 18 May 2016
  • From the section Africa
Somaliland independence celebrations
Image caption Celebrations in Hargeisa marking the anniversary of independence

Exactly 25 years ago, after a ferocious civil war, north-west Somalia broke away from the rest of the country and declared itself independent.

A quarter of a century later, not a single country recognises Somaliland, but this territory of about 3.5 million people is arguably one of the more stable, democratic places in the Horn of Africa.

At the BBC, we don’t call Somaliland a country because officially it isn’t one. We call it a “self-declared republic”, inviting criticism from many Somalilanders.

But the territory has its own currency, passport, army and legal system. Its presidents come to power through fiercely-fought elections, sometimes won with the narrowest of margins. Unlike many other African countries, the results are respected, even when the opposition wins.

Somaliland is by no means perfect. Large parts of the east are disputed, sometimes violently, with other regions of Somalia. People in the west agitate for autonomy. There are reports of sleeper cells of the Islamist militia, al-Shabab.

 

Independence day celebrations in Hargeisa

Image caption Independence day celebrations are a joyful time
Somaliland independence celebrations
Image caption Camels feature in the annual parade

Some migrants who die in the Mediterranean are from Somaliland, where youth unemployment is estimated at 75%.

On recent visits to the territory, I have seen lines of young men walking along the roadsides, carrying small bags. “They are on tahrib,” I am told – starting their long, uncertain journey to Europe or the Gulf.

The authorities are harsh towards the media, sometimes arresting journalists and shutting down newspapers. In January, six prisoners found guilty of murder were executed.

And such is the hostility towards Somalia proper that last year four members of the popular Horn Stars band were arrested on their return to Somaliland from Somalia. Their alleged crime was waving a blue Somalia flag at a concert in the Somali capital Mogadishu.

Somaliland has its own green, white and red flag. Somalilanders take great pride in presenting giant versions of this flag to visiting diplomats who sometimes blush as it is unfurled in front of them because it puts them in a somewhat difficult position regarding the territory’s unrecognised status.

Relative stability

Perhaps most importantly, Somaliland has peace and relative stability. I sometimes travel between Somalia and Somaliland in a single day and the contrast could not be greater.

In Somalia, as a western journalist, I cannot move around without six heavily-armed bodyguards, racing around in a two-vehicle convoy, hidden behind blacked-out windows. When I am in Mogadishu, there are often suicide bombings, mortar raids and grenade attacks.

Russian MiG fighter in central square, Hargeisa

Image caption A Russian fighter plane used to bomb Hargeisa during the civil war is now a monument in the central square

In Somaliland, I walk around on my own, even at night.

Many Somalis also take advantage of this peace, especially in the summer when Somaliland becomes a kind of “Disneyworld” for Somalis from all over the world.

Large Somali families from the US, Canada, Europe, Australia, the Gulf and other parts of Somalia come there for their holidays.

Parents show their children traditional Somali ways of life, sometimes taking them into the bush to experience nomadic culture. Men feast on camel milk and meat. Diaspora girls visit beauty parlours for intricate henna decorations. Romantic relationships develop, young couples discreetly sharing ice creams.

Market traders in Berbera

Image caption Trade is good in the port town of Berbera

The differences between Somalia and Somaliland raise interesting questions about recognition.

Somalia is a fully recognised country. Billions of dollars have been spent and many lives lost trying to restore a country devastated by more than a quarter of a century of conflict.

There has been some progress but there are no signs of full stability returning any time soon.

Somaliland is not recognised and does not receive much outside help. But it has built itself up from the devastation of civil war.

I first visited the territory in the early 1990s, when the capital Hargeisa had been reduced to rubble. When I returned in 2011, as I stood on a hill above the city, I was astonished is to see a whole new Hargeisa below me.

With the international gaze so firmly fixed on Mogadishu, it is unlikely Somaliland will be recognised in the near future – but that may be a blessing in disguise.

The independence cause is the glue that binds Somalilanders together. If they were granted recognition, could it be possible that they too might fall to fighting, just like their southern neighbours?


Somaliland: Find out more

Image copyright UPDATED AUGUST 2015
  • Declared independence from Somalia in 1991, but not recognised internationally
  • Runs own affairs, holds regular elections
  • Former British colony
  • More peaceful than rest of Somalia

More about Somaliland

 

 

Somaliland rises from the rubble, 25 years after ‘independence’

Somaliland rises from the rubble, 25 years after ‘independence’

media Somaliland Foreign Minister Saad Ali Shire M. Mudan

On the celebration of its 25th self-declared independence on 18 May, Somaliland’s top officials say it has all the factors a state needs to function—a flourishing democracy, vibrant and rapidly-growing capital, and its own currency. Despite this, the self-declared country often confused with its unstable neighbour to the south is missing the key ingredient—international recognition.

Somaliland’s quest for independence, 25 years on

“Somaliland is in a way a recognized state, but its recognition is one of a de facto state, not of a sovereign state. We believe we have every right to be recognized as a sovereign state because we fulfil all the requirements of a sovereign state,” says Foreign Minister Saad Ali Shire.

Waiters, café goers, and anyone who even speaks a smattering of English enjoy relaying the history of the former British protectorate after independence in 1960. For five days, Somaliland enjoyed its status as a sovereign state—a point Saad stresses is crucial to remember.

“I would really like to make this very clear—one of the reasons why Somaliland has not been recognized up to now is the lack of understanding of the history of Somaliland. Somaliland is not a new country,” says Saad, speaking to RFI in Hargeisa.

Part of the issue is that the African Union is wary of the balkanisation of Somalia, as both Somaliland and Puntland, formerly known as Italian Somaliland, have pushed for independence. However, Saad does not see it the same way.

“If Eritrea could separate from Ethiopia and South Sudan from Sudan, then I think it should be a big deal for Somaliland to separate from Somalia as well,” he says.

Its rise from the rubble is nothing less than extraordinary. During the Somali civil war, fighter planes took off from Hargeisa airport, only to bomb Hargeisa itself. A colourful monument stands in downtown Hargeisa today, to ensure that Somalilanders do not forget.

Monument in downtown Hargeisa to remember the bombing of Hargeisa during the civil warLA Bagnetto

The country is composed of six regions—three to the east, sharing a border with its autonomous neighbour Puntland, and three to the west, bordering Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia.

Somaliland, even if it is not officially recognized, conducts brisk trade with its neighbours and the Gulf states. Familial ties bind too. Extended families living in Djibouti flee the 50°C temperatures from June to September to enjoy the ‘balmier’ 40° climes of coastal Somaliland.

While one-fourth of the whole country of four million people lives in Hargeisa, those on the far-flung coast or in the arid interior still maintain a direct connection through the wide-reaching 3G cellular telephone system. Most are connected to Telesom, but some customers have switched to the newer Somtel. Unfortunately one cannot call the other.

Paying for goods and services can be carried out in Somaliland shillings, U.S. dollars, or via the “Zaab”, an m-Pesa form of paying for everything and anything via your cell phone.

And while all this talk of recognition or not seems like a moot point, the devastating drought that saw a primarily pastoralist country lose all its livestock and livelihood in the first three months of this year could have been prevented if the country had been recognized, according to the foreign minister.

“If we were recognized we would have been able to borrow the money we need to build the infrastructure that will ensure that we have water available throughout the country. And we would also be able to access bilateral aid,” Saad says.

Somaliland currently relies on multilateral agencies, such as Save the Children and the 70 international non-governmental organisations operating in the country. He maintains that if given official status, Somaliland could attract private investors to put funding towards utilities, specifically water.

Somalia holds the purse strings for Somaliland when it comes to international aid, too. As Somalia wrangles for aid money from international donors, Saad says little goes to Somaliland itself. Somalia is reluctant to let go.

“Sometimes the multilateral organisations have one envelope for all Somalia, and that also creates problems for us. In order for us to be able to address the issue of droughts, and in general of infrastructure and development, I think we need the international community to award us the sovereignty we need,” he adds.

Saad admits that the country is still faced with challenges—primarily in creating jobs for youth, overall poverty, and making sure children are in school. But he also pointed to Somaliland’s rapid growth within the past 25 years, pointing to more 140 secondary schools and 27 universities, which boast up to 6,000 graduates a year.

“It’s time to celebrate – but I also think it is time to take stock of the challenges ahead – politically, economically and socially as well,” he says.

Environment Minister Shukri H. Ismail Mohamoud, who returned to Somaliland from exile in the US 23 years ago to become one of the first seven members of the National Electoral Commission, says Somalilanders know who they are.

“Sometimes you feel neglected, but we recognize ourselves from inside ourselves, we recognize ourselves from our hearts and from our minds,” she says. “But first of all, we recognized it ourselves, a long time ago—25 years ago.

 

Halkan ka daawo aasaaskii halgankii SNM 31 may 2016

 

Somaliland1991 News Center

31 May 2016