Xasuuqii Somaliland Genocide

 

A group of experts of genocide from all over the world have come Somaliland, to investigate the genocide that took place in Somaliland during the civil war in 1988

A group of experts of genocide from all over the world have come Somaliland, to investigate the genocide that took place in Somaliland during the civil war in 1988 where Siad Barre regime carried out a brutal and ruthless genocide. 150 million victims. One of the world‘s most abhorrent genocide in modern times. The perpetrators go free-for and live today in both Europe and North America, where they sought asylum. They should be arrested and brought to justice an international court or in domestic courts for their crimes against what they did against civilians in Somaliland. These genocide experts have come to Somaliland, to investigate how the genocide took place, where they are mass graves. they will interview the families of victims and survivors of the genocide Somaliland, 1988.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bVYJS1Nzh9E

Posted by S. Hagi Ismail

April 11, 2015

Mass graves in Somaliland discovered when rains in 1997 exposed bones , ropes, broken skulls and shallow graves in Hargeisa

Mass graves in Somaliland discovered when rains in 1997 exposed bones , ropes, broken skulls and shallow graves in Hargeisa

When heavy rains in 1997 exposed bones, ropes, broken skulls and torn pieces of clothing in shallow graves in Hargeysa, capital of the self-declared state of Somaliland, northwestern Somalia, it set in motion the rudimentary beginnings of an international investigation into alleged war crimes.
At the request of an independent expert of the UN Commission on Human Rights, an international forensic team, provided by Physicians for Human Rights (PHR), came to Somaliland in December 1997. Two North American forensic experts were shown more than 100 alleged mass-grave sites. After preliminary investigations, the team reported that some of the sites did indeed exhibit characteristics of mass graves and contained evidence of gross human rights abuses. It recommended that the sites be preserved, and an international team of forensic specialists be authorised by the UN to carry out further investigations.

Forensic experts describe
finding human remains
with “knotted loops
of rope binding their wrists together
behind their backs”

Graves investigated by the 1997 team revealed individual remains that were “tightly grouped and bound to each other by… rope binding their wrists together behind their back, with the rope connecting them to each other in a line” the report said. Test excavations at another site discovered “patterned impressions on the floor of the grave… consistent with the grave having been dug by an earth-moving machine.”

The Somaliland administration, headed by Muhammed Ibrahim Egal, set up a local Technical Committee for the Investigation of War Crimes of the Siyad Barre Regime to collect documentation, take testimonies, and preserve the sites where mass graves were known and alleged to be.

Part Two: The need for peace and justice

Next to a shanty town, this mass
grave is said to contain at least
23 men executed in Berbera

Somalilanders say these mass graves contain loved ones who were executed during Muhammed Siyad Barre’s notorious military regime – when war against the north caused an estimated 250,000 people to flee in 1988 into neighbouring Ethiopia and Djibouti. Others say the mass graves may also contain people killed after 1991, when the Barre regime collapsed. For now, no-one is any closer to the truth, because since the initial forensic report of 1997, there have been no further investigations. The UN, the local committee and survivor groups have continued to collect documents, testimonies, videos and photos, but with no forensic support.

In 1999, a report by UN Special Rapporteur Ms Mona Rishmawi, recommended that “authorities in foreign countries… take steps to bring to justice those suspected of committing [war crimes or crimes against humanity] in Somalia”. She reminded the UN Security Council of the “responsibility of states to end impunity and to prosecute those responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity and serious violations of international humanitarian law”.

Stressing that the need for accountability was essential for reconciliation and peace, the Special Rapporteur said peace and justice in Somalia should not be alternatives, but should go hand in hand.

Mass graves exposed
by heavy rain in 1997
led to a preliminary investigation

“In the context of Somalia, where serious violations of human rights and humanitarian law rise to the level of war crimes and crimes against humanity, ending impunity for such crimes by prosecuting those who commit them should be among the main objectives of all states and an integral part of, not an alternative to, a peace plan.”

She also welcomed a proposal by President Ismail Omar Guelleh’s to the UN General Assembly on 22 September 1999 that a regional peace initiative could include “the possible trial of those suspected of war crimes and crimes against humanity”.

Recommendations to the Security Council were based on discussions the Special Rapporteur had had with leaders and civilians during visits to Somaliland; Baidoa, in southern Somalia; and the self-declared autonomous region of Puntland, northeastern Somalia. Rishmawi said she had heard “chilling allegations” during the visit to Baidoa regarding the massacre of civilians, and described the human rights situation in the capital, Mogadishu, as “serious”. There were also allegations of massacres in the southern port of Kismayo and the Juba Valley. “Many acts that could be qualified as war crimes or crimes against humanity are being committed now in Somalia, in particular in the south of the country.” Recommendations also dealt with concerns regarding the absence of justice and the denial of freedoms in post-1991 administrations.

The report of the Special Rapporteur referred to abuses committed under the previous regime, and during the post-1991 factional fighting that followed its collapse.
Part Three: Creating a culture of impunity
Barre took power in a military coup in 1969, and remained in power until his regime collapsed in 1991, following armed resistance in the northwest by the Somali National Movement (SNM) during the 1980s, and later by the United Somali Congress (USC) forces in the south.

According to the international human rights organisation Amnesty International, under Barre “a persistent pattern of political repression and gross human rights violations developed…[including] routine torture of political prisoners, thousands of detentions without charge or trial, grossly unfair political trials, many of which resulted in executions, and extrajudicial executions of thousands of civilians.” [Somalia: Building human rights in the disintegrated state, November 1995]. Human rights abuses against Somalis were ubiquitous and many. In the northwest and some northeastern regions, said Amnesty, “thousands of civilians were killed because of their clan membership and consequent presumed support for armed opposition groups”.

Barre was known to be a master of manipulation of clan loyalties and regional rivalries. People from all clans and all regions have recounted sufferings under his rule. Until 1977, his government was a close ally of the Soviet Union. Then, after the Soviet Union switched sides in the war between Somalia and Ethiopia in the Ogaden, he won strong backing from the United States – until criticism from the US Congress of the brutal counter-insurgency campaign in the north led to a suspension of US military and economic aid.

In humanitarian terms, the cost of the dictatorship was enormous and – if at first mostly hidden from view – was to become appallingly evident to the outside world. When the regime collapsed in 1991, Somalia was described by Andrew Natsios, the then director of the US Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), as “the worst humanitarian disaster in the world today”.

Inter-factional fighting in the capital, Mogadishu, and the south left an estimated 30,000 civilians dead, humanitarian agencies said. Humanitarian organisations and human rights groups believed that at least one million of the estimated nine million Somali population fled to neighbouring countries, with another estimated 1.7 million people fleeing to other Somali regions. In some areas, minority communities were killed, raped and forcibly expelled by the militia of clan-based factions.

“The carnage inflicted upon the civilian population by indiscriminate use of weapons of extraordinary force and by the failure on all sides to abide by minimum standards of international humanitarian law has already earned Mogadishu a special place in the annals of human cruelty,” concluded a mission by PHR and Africa Watch in 1992 [No Mercy in Mogadishu: the human cost of the conflict and the struggle for relief, July 1992].

For the next decade, Somalia was without a central authority. Somalis suffered civil war, famine, displacement, and destruction of property and livelihoods. Factional and clan persecution was also played out in some cases within refugee camps in Kenya, Ethiopia and Djibouti. A huge international humanitarian intervention – including a military peace force spearheaded by the US – from 1992 to 1994 failed to put the country back on its feet.

The abuses and anarchy witnessed during inter-factional fighting in the 1990s were overwhelming; international attention struggled to get food and medical assistance to Somalis rather than try to grasp the concept of justice and prosecutions for war crimes. Atrocities committed by some of the faction leaders and their militia were “no less horrific than those committed earlier by state officials,” said Amnesty. It said former military, security and political officials of the Barre government – who were responsible for or personally carried out the human rights abuses of the 1970s and 80s – had escaped justice. As a result, the culture of impunity already established by the previous regime became integral to the Somali social and political fabric, one human rights researcher pointed out.
As the debate continues, vital evidence is being destroyed. In Somaliland, remains exposed by heavy rains have been washed away, or carried off by dogs and wild animals. Some of the alleged mass graves sites seen by IRIN are near schools, where children play among pieces of bones and military uniforms – some have fallen into holes and shallow burial mounds. Exposed pieces of skeletons, rope and shreds of clothing have disappeared from the banks of dry river beds that appeared in the aftermath of the floods in 1997.

In the Special Rapporteur’s report, 1999, Rishmawi said that although a local committee had been established by the Somaliland administration to preserve evidence of mass graves, it was not an easy task as “the land is increasingly being claimed by the internally displaced for resettlement”. Preservation was “crucial”, she warned, in the context of “possible action by the international community to bring the perpetrators of the killings to justice”.

But what does remain – and cannot be washed away – is the trauma of relatives, who still wait to know what happened to their loved ones. In a joint report in 1992, PHR and Africa Watch documented the long-term psychological consequences of the conflict in Somalia [No Mercy in Mogadishu: The human cost of the conflict and the struggle for relief]. It said there were “numerous psychiatric disturbances among the survivors” who had witnessed atrocities.

“Somali tradition dictates great respect for the dead… the bereaved [of those not properly buried] feel a burden of guilt towards the dead for failing to fulfil their customary obligations.” It said many survivors had been bereft of not just one close friend and relative, but many, which was “likely to lead to widespread pathological grief”. One witness that IRIN talked to in Somaliland, Amina Isma’il Ade, said she had never tried to reclaim or rebury the body of her executed husband, even though she knew the site of the mass grave. “I think all those bodies should be buried properly.” She said she needed to know who had executed her husband and why. “I would like to see the people responsible brought to justice.” Note :

This report was published by IRIN in May 2011

©Somaliland1991

3 Juun 2014

Gudiga Baadhista Xasuqa Somaliland Ka Dhacay Ayaa Habeenkii Xalay Ahaa Ku soo Bandhigay Magaalada Hargeisa Cadaymo Muujinaya Xasuuqii Ka Dhacay Dalka Iyada Oo 3da Juun Loo Asteeyey Maalinta Xasuuqii Ka Dhacay Somaliland Intii U Dhaxaysay 1981 Ilaa 1991

In pictures: Excavating past crimes in Somaliland

click here!!!!

http://www.bbc.com/news/in-pictures-26351649

Six bodies are revealed in one of three recently excavated graves
Evidence flags

Six bodies have been found in one of three recently excavated graves. The students have recovered 44 bodies in total and are now beginning to look at a fourth site.

Human remains are revealed in a grave site in the Somaliland capital of Hargeisa
Work continues on the bodies

Somaliland declared independence after the overthrow of Somalia’s long-serving President Siad Barre in 1991. In the last years of his rule tens of thousands of people were killed there and towns were flattened following a rebellion. Now the graves of some of the victims are being excavated.

Human remains are revealed in a grave site in the Somaliland capital of Hargeisa
A student studies the human remains in the grave

Numbers are used to identify the remains and they are carefully removed. Every attempt will be made to establish the cause of death, age and sex of each person. Photographs and reporting by Alison Baskerville.

A skull is measured
A pelvis is marked with the trajectory path of bullets to establish how and where the victim was shot

Measurements are taken to help to identify the origin and possibly the sex of the victim.

The team use paintbrushes to dust carefully around the bones as there may loose teeth and smaller bones that have fallen away in the grave
Soil is sifted from the grave

The team uses paintbrushes to dust carefully around the bones as there may be loose teeth and smaller bones that have fallen away in the grave.

Hargeisa
A pelvis is marked with the trajectory path of bullets to establish how and where the victim was shot

Some of the remains provide clues as to how and where the victim was shot. Here a pelvis is marked with the trajectory path of bullets.

In pictures: Excavating past crimes in Somaliland

A skull is measured
Soil is sifted from the grave

The soil removed from the site is sifted, allowing the students to find smaller bones and fragments of hair and other tissue which will help to identify the remains.

The team use paintbrushes to dust carefully around the bones as there may loose teeth and smaller bones that have fallen away in the grave
Evidence flags

“Hargeisa is a graveyard,” states Jose Pablo Baraybar, who is in charge of EPAF team. “Some say there are 200,000 bodies under the ground. Nobody really knows. That’s why we have to get the record straight.”

Six bodies are revealed in one of three recently excavated graves
Work continues on the bodies

In a grave site in the Somaliland capital of Hargeisa, an excavation is taking place as part of an effort by international students from a Peru-based forensic anthropology team, Equipo Peruino de Antropologia Forense (EPAF).

Hargeisa
Yusuf Mohamed Duwali

Somaliland is currently an unrecognised, self-declared republic. This has left the area with little resources to conduct the exhumation of the remains and the ability to prosecute those involved in the massacre.

A member of the Somaliland Special Police Unit (SPU) stands guard at a site
Yusuf Mohamed Duwali

Yusuf Mohamed Duwali, 80, witnessed the digging of two grave sites near his home in Hargeisa. “When I walked from my house I would walk past the open graves. The military were shooting people near our village and just dumping their bodies.”

A member of the Somaliland Special Police Unit (SPU) stands guard at a site
A student studies the human remains in the grave

A member of the Somaliland Special Police Unit stands guard at a site.

Skeletons uncovered in mass graves in Hargeisa, Somaliland (Somaliland Genocide)725-19xfaR.AuSt_.55

Six bodies are revealed in one of three recently excavated graves
Work continues on the bodies

In a grave site in the Somaliland capital of Hargeisa, an excavation is taking place as part of an effort by international students from a Peru-based forensic anthropology team, Equipo Peruino de Antropologia Forense (EPAF).

By Associated Press

HARGEISA, Somalia (AP) — An American volunteer gently brushes away dirt to reveal the bones of a Somali victim buried in a mass grave some 30 years ago. Tens of thousands of skeletons may lie in mass graves here, on the northern edge of Somalia, where many want to see justice prevail, even if delayed.

Last year 38 bodies were uncovered in two graves by the Somaliland War Crimes Investigation Commission, which is overseeing the work on a third site where another dozen bodies are buried.

More than 200 mass graves with the bodies of 50,000 to 60,000 people may be in the region, according to the commission.

In this photo taken Tuesday, Feb. 18, 2014, Chairman of the Somaliland War Crimes Commission Kadar Ahmed, left, oversees members of the Peruvian Forensic Anthropology Team as they work to uncover bodies buried in a mass grave in Hargeisa, Somaliland, a breakaway region of Somalia. An American volunteer gently brushes away dirt to reveal the bones of a Somali victim buried in a mass grave some 30 years ago. Tens of thousands of skeletons may lie in mass graves here, on the northern edge of Somalia, where many want to see justice prevail, even if delayed. Last year 38 bodies were uncovered in two graves by the Somaliland War Crimes Investigation Commission, which is overseeing the work on a third site where another dozen bodies are buried. (AP Photo/Jason Straziuso)

Why dig up the past now?

Many African countries try to forget about atrocities carried out in their recent pasts, said Kadar Ahmed, chairman of the commission, speaking at the gravesite. He wants this northern tip of Somalia — a self-governing region called Somaliland — to confront those ghosts head-on. He said he hopes an outside tribunal will take up the case of the unknown numbers of deaths.

The commission was created in 1997 with the dual aim of offering a proper burial to the victims and taking judicial action against those responsible for the killings. Ahmed, who was not in Somaliland during the 1980s violence, has headed the commission the last four years.

If government’s aren’t held responsible for mass killings, then killings will continue, said Ahmed. Another aim is to “find the individuals and take them to court,” he said. Ahmed believes that one general who gave the order to commence a slaughter is dead. The other, he says, is outside the country.

Those killed were civilians and militia members from the Isaq clan who were hunted and slain in the late 1980s by the regime of Siad Barre, Ahmed said. Barre’s overthrow in 1991 unleashed 20 years of chaos, making Somalia a failed state.

The victims’ families “are all grieving and all sad because of non-recognition of the government. We can’t get any recognition from any court or any individual,” Ahmed said about the killings.

About a dozen people from the Peruvian Forensic Anthropology Team are helping Somaliland unbury the past, and also helping to train Ahmed’s staff so they can one day take over. Franco Mora leads the team and says the work is about helping friends and family close the mourning process.

“Families are waiting for answers,” said Mora, who has worked on similar projects in Congo, Guatemala and Mexico. But the Somali team needs more training: “We are explaining to them you can’t go into the field and use heavy machinery. We are teaching them to recover the remains in a way you can use them for prosecution.”

Mora noted that the skeletons being uncovered in the latest mass grave were all buried facing toward Mecca, a holy site for Muslims. He suspects that means the victims were buried with care by local residents.

“This country is a big mass grave. There are graves everywhere. People are living with death. It’s everywhere,” Mora said.

Amber Barton is a 26-year-old volunteer on Mora’s team from the San Francisco region in California. On a recent sunny morning she gently brushed dirt away from a skeleton lying in a row of several bodies. She hopes to apply the skills she has studied in archaeology to a forensics context. She says the Somalis here are interested in the group’s work.

“The locals are curious about what’s happened, with the individuals, how they died,” Barton said.

The War Crimes Commission says that Cold War politics helped protect Barre’s regime from punishment from the U.S. and others despite the gross human rights violations. Most of those who carried out the killings now live outside Somalia, the commission says.

“They collected whoever they saw. Child, woman, man, taking them and killing them. They were executing them, sometimes torture, then shooting them,” said Ahmed, of the commission.

A great deal of work is needed and Ahmed appears determined. After speaking, the 63-year-old Ahmed walked down into the grave, picked up a bucket of dirt from beside a newly uncovered skeleton and carried it away.

In this photo taken Tuesday, Feb. 18, 2014, members of the Peruvian Forensic Anthropology Team work to uncover bodies buried in a mass grave in Hargeisa, Somaliland, a breakaway region of Somalia. An American volunteer gently brushes away dirt to reveal the bones of a Somali victim buried in a mass grave some 30 years ago. Tens of thousands of skeletons may lie in mass graves here, on the northern edge of Somalia, where many want to see justice prevail, even if delayed. Last year 38 bodies were uncovered in two graves by the Somaliland War Crimes Investigation Commission, which is overseeing the work on a third site where another dozen bodies are buried. (AP Photo/Jason Straziuso)

In this photo taken Tuesday, Feb. 18, 2014, members of the Peruvian Forensic Anthropology Team work to uncover bodies buried in a mass grave in Hargeisa, Som...

In this photo taken Tuesday, Feb. 18, 2014, members of the Peruvian Forensic Anthropology Team work to uncover bodies buried in a mass grave in Hargeisa, Somaliland, a breakaway region of Somalia. An American volunteer gently brushes away dirt to reveal the bones of a Somali victim buried in a mass grave some 30 years ago. Tens of thousands of skeletons may lie in mass graves here, on the northern edge of Somalia, where many want to see justice prevail, even if delayed. Last year 38 bodies were uncovered in two graves by the Somaliland War Crimes Investigation Commission, which is overseeing the work on a third site where another dozen bodies are buried. (AP Photo/Jason Straziuso)

In this photo taken Tuesday, Feb. 18, 2014, volunteer Amber Barton, from the San Francisco area, works with colleagues from the Peruvian Forensic Anthropolog...

In this photo taken Tuesday, Feb. 18, 2014, volunteer Amber Barton, from the San Francisco area, works with colleagues from the Peruvian Forensic Anthropology Team to uncover bodies buried in a mass grave in Hargeisa, Somaliland, a breakaway region of Somalia. An American volunteer gently brushes away dirt to reveal the bones of a Somali victim buried in a mass grave some 30 years ago. Tens of thousands of skeletons may lie in mass graves here, on the northern edge of Somalia, where many want to see justice prevail, even if delayed. Last year 38 bodies were uncovered in two graves by the Somaliland War Crimes Investigation Commission, which is overseeing the work on a third site where another dozen bodies are buried. (AP Photo/Jason Straziuso)

In this photo taken Tuesday, Feb. 18, 2014, volunteer Amber Barton, from the San Francisco area, works with colleagues from the Peruvian Forensic Anthropolog...

In this photo taken Tuesday, Feb. 18, 2014, volunteer Amber Barton, from the San Francisco area, works with colleagues from the Peruvian Forensic Anthropology Team to uncover bodies buried in a mass grave in Hargeisa, Somaliland, a breakaway region of Somalia. An American volunteer gently brushes away dirt to reveal the bones of a Somali victim buried in a mass grave some 30 years ago. Tens of thousands of skeletons may lie in mass graves here, on the northern edge of Somalia, where many want to see justice prevail, even if delayed. Last year 38 bodies were uncovered in two graves by the Somaliland War Crimes Investigation Commission, which is overseeing the work on a third site where another dozen bodies are buried. (AP Photo/Jason Straziuso)

In this photo taken Tuesday, Feb. 18, 2014, members of the Peruvian Forensic Anthropology Team work to uncover bodies buried in a mass grave in Hargeisa, Som...

In this photo taken Tuesday, Feb. 18, 2014, members of the Peruvian Forensic Anthropology Team work to uncover bodies buried in a mass grave in Hargeisa, Somaliland, a breakaway region of Somalia. An American volunteer gently brushes away dirt to reveal the bones of a Somali victim buried in a mass grave some 30 years ago. Tens of thousands of skeletons may lie in mass graves here, on the northern edge of Somalia, where many want to see justice prevail, even if delayed. Last year 38 bodies were uncovered in two graves by the Somaliland War Crimes Investigation Commission, which is overseeing the work on a third site where another dozen bodies are buried. (AP Photo/Jason Straziuso)

©Somaliland1991

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©Somaliland1991

Guddida Baadhista Iyo Daba Galka Xasuuqii ka Dhacay Somaliland Oo Sheegay Inay Dhawaan Baadhista Xabaal Wadareedyada Xasuuqa Ka Bilaabi Doonaan Gobolada Somaliland


(Hadhwanaagnews) Thursday, March 13, 2014 16:34:38
Hargeysa(HWN):-guddida baadhista iyo daba galka xasuuqii ka dhacay wadanka Somaliland ee ay gaysatay dawladii Siyaad Bare ayaa mahad naqay cid kasta oo gacan ka gaysatay sidii ay u baadhi lahaayeen xabaal wadareedyada ay ku aasan yihiin dadkii la xasuuqay.

Hargeysa(HWN):-guddida baadhista iyo daba galka xasuuqii ka dhacay  wadanka Somaliland ee ay gaysatay  dawladii Siyaad Bare ayaa mahad naqay cid kasta oo gacan ka gaysatay sidii ay u baadhi lahaayeen xabaal wadareedyada ay ku aasan yihiin dadkii la xasuuqay.

Guddidan oo maanta shir jaraa,id ku qabtay xaruntooda magaalada Hargeysa ayaa waxay u mahad celiyeen madaxweynaha Somaliland iyo wasiirkiisa cadaalada oo ay sheegeen inay si buuxda gacan uga siiyey sidii loo baadhi lahaa xabaal wadareedyada.

Gudoomiyaha guddida baadhista iyo daba galka xasuuqii ka dhacay Somaliland Cabdirashiid Maxamed  Daahir oo ka hadlay shirkan jaraa,id ayaa waxa uu sheegay inay baadhis balaadhan ka samayn doonaan guud ahaanba dalka Somaliland isaga oo tilmaamay suura galnimada in laga helo xabaal wadareedyo, waxaanu


sheegay  inay dhawaan ay u  gudbi doonaan gobolada kale ee dalka.
Sidoo kale waxa shirkan jaraa,id ka hadlay xubno ka mid guddida baadhista iyo daba galka xasuuqiii ka dhacay Somaliland iyada oo u mahad naqay cid kasta oo gacan ka gaysatay 44-kii qof ee ay dhawaan soo faqeen, isaga oo tilmaamay in madaxweynaha qaranku uu ka gaystay gacan maaliyadeed iyo mid taageero ahba.

Guddidan ayaa dhawaan Aas qaran u samaysay 44 qof oo ay ku soo saareen baadhis dheer ka dib waxaanay sheegeen in dadkaasi la soo saaray lagu aasay xabaal wadareedyo isla markaana ay ka mid yihiin malaayiin dad ah oo ay xasuuqday dawladii kali taliska ahayd ee Siyaad Bare.

Cabdirisaaq Good Nuur

Hadhwanaagnews.com/Office

Hargeysa/Somaliland

Goud423@gmail.com

– Xigasho: Hadhwanaagnews

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