US court clears way for torture lawsuit against alleged Somali war criminal

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/02/somali-torture-lawsuit-yusuf-abdi-ali-virginia-court

Virginia court denies immunity for for Colonel Yusuf Abdi Ali, who fled to Canada and the US after serving in Somali army during Siad Barre dictatorship

Colonel Yusuf Abdi Ali
Colonel Yusuf Abdi Ali was head of the Somali army’s Fifth Brigade during the brutal Siad Barre dictatorship of the 1980s. Photograph: Center for Justice and Accountability

 

An appeals court ruling which denied an alleged war criminal from Somalia immunity from prosecution in a US courtroom is only a partial success, a human rights group said on Monday.

The decision by the fourth circuit court of appeals in Virginia has opened a path for an individual lawsuit for torture and attempted murder against Colonel Yusuf Abdi Ali, who was head of the Somali army’s Fifth Brigade during the brutal Siad Barre dictatorship of the 1980s and who fled to Canada before settling in the US.

The California-based Center for Justice and Accountability (CJA), which represents Ali’s alleged victim, Farhan Warfaa, said the three-judge panel’s ruling that stripped specific war crimes and crimes against humanity elements from the case was disappointing.

CJA lawyer Kathy Roberts said it limits the future effectiveness of the Alien Tort Statute (ATS), the two centuries-old legislation relied on by human rights groups in recent years to seek relief in American courts for foreign nationals for crimes committed against them in other countries.

“The decision appears to reverse more than three decades of legal precedent that has allowed victims of human rights abuses to bring lawsuits against the worst international human rights criminals, when they are found in this country, for mass atrocities committed abroad,” she said.

“We welcome today’s ruling that Colonel Ali must face justice for his crimes in court but we respectfully disagree with the panel’s decision to dismiss the mass atrocity claims. The attacks on Mr Warfaa were not isolated. They were part of a systematic and widespread attack on civilians. Colonel Ali should be held to account for all of his crimes.”

The CJA presented its arguments at a hearing in September, during which the judges were presented with evidence that Ali shot Warfaa five times at close range during an interrogation over the theft of a water tanker. Assuming Warfaa was dead, the lawsuit stated, Ali ordered henchmen to dispose of his body. Instead he was smuggled to safety.

Ali’s brigade continued to terrorise the Isaaq clans of the separatist province of Somaliland until Siad Barre was overthrown in 1991.

In dismissing the war crimes element of the CJA lawsuit, the judges sided with a US supreme court ruling in a separate case, Kiobel v Royal Dutch Petroleum, in which justices ruled the corporate defendant had no significant contact with the US and therefore did not “touch and concern” the country sufficiently for action under the ATS.

But on the issue of individual immunity, the panel appeared to support the ruling in another CJA case, involving Muhammad Ali Samantar, a member of Siad Barre’s revolutionary council. The panel determined that having held a government office did not provide alleged perpetrators of human rights crimes with a shield from prosecution, allowing Warfaa’s claims to continue under the Torture Victim Protection Act.

Warfaa, who was 17 at the time of his abduction and alleged torture, is now a respected village elder of his Isaaq sub-clan near the Somaliliand capital of Gabiley. He told the Guardian in September the legal action was a way to ensure that a dark period in his country’s history would not be forgotten.

“This is not just a case to me, it’s a part of my life I will never forget and I want to see those responsible realise what they have done,” he said.

“They may have forgotten but myself and others like me will never be able to. I want to see justice and I want my kids to learn that nobody is above the law and every action has a consequence, whether in this life or the afterlife.”


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The Rise of Mobile Money Services in Somaliland By Guest Writer on January 29, 2016

The Rise of Mobile Money Services in Somaliland

By Guest Writer on January 29, 2016

zaad-service

In 2009, Somaliland’s biggest mobile network operator, Telesom, launched their mobile payment service “ZAAD”, and today more than 10% of the 3.8 million inhabitants are subscribed to the service.

As with normal mobile money systems, you can transfer, receive, and deposit money with ZAAD. The mobile money service is used for different purposes such as paying for your groceries, dinner at the restaurant, or your electricity. Other money payment transactions include livestock trade, merchant payments, and bill and salary payments.

Recently on a trip to Somaliland I took through the streets Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland, my Somali colleague and I wanted to purchase some traditional Somali fabric. I brought US Dollars and some Somaliland shillings with me as both currencies can be used in Somaliland. But within a few seconds, my colleague paid for the fabric through his mobile money wallet, and the transaction took less than 10 seconds.

Payments in Somaliland that are done via mobile money services appear to be the most convenient financial tool, especially for merchant payments. In most shops there is a ZAAD account number written on a board that customers should to use when paying for their products.

I was surprised by the level of use and the trust in mobile money services that I experienced in Somaliland. While I have likewise experienced a common use of mobile money in Tanzania and Kenya (though as part of different set of financial tools such as a bank account) it seems to be different in Somaliland and largely affects everyday life.

In 2013, Somalilanders carried out 30 ZAAD transactions per month on average, compared to the global average of 8.5 transactions, according to GSMA. The service is special compared to other mobile money services, as it there is no charge when using it. Instead Telesom ZAAD gets profit from different services, such as airtime recharge.

In Somaliland there are no international commercial banks running, because of the lack of recognition as an independent country. Instead, Somalilanders have been depending on Mobile Transfer Operators (MTOs), such as Dahabshiil, that allow for international remittance transfers.

Other Mobile Money Services in Somaliland

Interoperability exists between MTOs and the telecom industry in Somaliland. The few banks or MTOs existing in Somaliland, such as Dahabshiil, are typically used for international remittance transfers, especially from the Somali diaspora to their families and friends in Somaliland. Dahabshiil has branches in 126 countries worldwide.

Another example is WorldRemit – an online transfer system that allows an individual to send money to a person’s mobile wallet so that he/she can go claim the transfer amount at a Telesom shop.

Somtel, the competitor of Telesom, has only a bit of the market share in the country with their mobile money services. However, Somtel International and Dahabshiils group launched their own mobile money system called “E-Dahab” in 2015 for Somtel Users. With E-Dahab a person can put money into her/his mobile wallet account, and as with ZAAD, amongst others, use it for merchant payments.

Not only is competition between Mobile Network Operators (MNOs) getting more vivid, but MTOs and MNOs are forming partnerships to try and create better services for the population to embrace. It is the realization of mobile money as a significant tool that can help to create a financial infrastructure that has not been present in Somaliland, and it can help to develop basic and potentially better financial structures in the country.

A Background on Somaliland

Somaliland is often unknown to the outside world mostly because of their lack of recognition as an independent nation state. It had its secession from the rest of Somalia in 1991, and it has since shown a spectacular case of peacebuilding, highly supported by traditional elders and clan leaders.

Today Somaliland is a democracy with a multi-party system, supported by the house of elders (guurti), following both traditional law (xeer) and sharia law. This state of relative peace is quite the opposite of its southern neighbor that still struggles with war and insecurity, especially with Al-Shabaab controlling large parts of South Central Somalia.

Somaliland has the fourth lowest GDP in the world, and there are huge socio-economic challenges for Somaliland, with an unemployment rate between 60-70% among youth, if not higher. According to GSMA, in 2013, 70% of the population was illiterate and 98% were financially excluded. One could see this as preventing people from accepting and trusting mobile money services, such as ZAAD, but so far, there is a growing number of Somalilanders incorporating the service into their everyday lives.

Mathilde Krabbe Krogholt specializes in ICT4Development and is involved in the “Somaliland Youth Empowerment Initiative Project” between with the Danish NGO, Afrika Kontakt and the Somaliland NGO, Haqsoor.

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Guest Writer
This Guest Post is an ICTworks community knowledge-sharing effort. We actively solicit original content and search for and re-publish quality ICT-related posts we find online. If you’d like to suggest a post (even your own), please email jana at inveneo dot org or on Twitter @JanaMelpolder

Alleged Somali war criminal first exposed by the fifth estate now in landmark U.S. case

http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/somali-war-crime-fifth-estate-1.3424262

Alleged Somali war criminal first exposed by the fifth estate now in landmark U.S. case

Alleged war criminal sought refuge in Canada before being deported to U.S.

By Lisa Mayor, Arianna Ongaro, Rachel Houlihan, CBC News Posted: Jan 29, 2016 9:00 AM ETLast Updated: Jan 29, 2016 9:00 AM ET

Yusuf Abdi Ali, also known as Col. Tukeh, is alleged to have tortured, killed and maimed hundreds of people under Somalia's then-dictator Mohamed Siad Barre.

Yusuf Abdi Ali, also known as Col. Tukeh, is alleged to have tortured, killed and maimed hundreds of people under Somalia’s then-dictator Mohamed Siad Barre. (CBC)

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An alleged war criminal from Somalia, first exposed by the fifth estate in 1992, now finds himself in the middle of a landmark human rights lawsuit in the U.S.

Yusuf Abdi Ali, also known as Colonel Tukeh, was first investigated by the fifth estate in 1992 for allegations that he executed, tortured and maimed countless people during Somalia’s civil war. He was living in Toronto at the time of the original broadcast.

Just days after the fifth estate’s story aired, Ali was deported back to the U.S. — his original port of entry.

However, despite the allegations made in the fifth estate program, Canadian authorities never pursued Ali for war crimes.

the fifth estate documentary “Crimes Against Humanity” showed that before working as a security guard in Toronto and trying to make Canada his new home, Ali wore a much different uniform.

He was a commander in the brutal civil strife fought by Somali dictator Mohamed Siad Barre and his army against their own people.

Almost a quarter-century later, it turns out that Ali is still living in the U.S., working in the Washington area.

He is at the heart of a lawsuit in the U.S. where he is being sued for war crimes in Somalia, specifically for allegations brought forward by Farhan Warfaa, who says he was the target of a brutal interrogation by Ali in December 1987.

Ali “was in the room directing the questioning while [Warfa] was tortured and violently beaten,” said Tara Lee, Warfaa’s lawyer. “At the conclusion of the torture and beating, [Ali] shot him five times at point blank range while he was chained and restrained.”

Tara Lee

Tara Lee is the lawyer for Farhan Warfaa, a Somalia man who says he was beaten and tortured by Ali and others back when the Siad Barre regime was still in power. (CBC)

Incredibly, Warfaa survived and is now seeking justice in a U.S. court from the man he says pulled the trigger in Somalia.

At issue in the pending lawsuit is whether an American court is the proper place for something that allegedly happened so long ago and so far away.

Should the case proceed, Ali may soon find himself the public face of what would be an historic decision to deny war criminals safe haven in the U.S.

If the case is not allowed to continue, it might signal an easy pass for war criminals, Lee warns.

“If our courts have an interest, it’s in adjudicating the crimes of criminals that have chosen to live here,” Lee argues.

Ali’s lawyer, Joseph Peter Drennan, says Ali rejects the charges of murder and torture, and he describes Ali’s life as “blameless.”

“Mr. Ali is an ordinary individual who lives here in Northern Virginia with a family and who hasn’t gotten as much as a parking ticket since he’s got here,” Drennan said.

It is a response similar to the one Ali gave in a 1992 interview with the fifth estate.

“The story you have got is completely, entirely, perfectly and absolutely partial,” Ali told the fifth estate in the original documentary. “It’s false. Totally baseless.”

Background

In the early 1990s, Canada became a safe haven for Somalis when the civil war erupted, following the overthrow of Siad Barre’s military regime in 1991.

Most refugees were legitimate, but the fifth estate investigation found that some who had reportedly done the dictator’s dirty work were accepted as well.

SOMALIA

A boy stands on the ruins of the former Somali parliament building in the capital Mogadishu. Somalia has been mired in violence, and lacking effective central government, since the 1991 overthrow of military dictator Siad Barre. (Feisal Omar/Reuters)

Prior to the fall of the Siad Barre regime, for which he had worked, Ali went to the U.S. on a diplomatic visa where he received American military training.

When the Somali regime fell in 1991, he came to Canada, claiming to be a refugee.

When the fifth estate went to northern Somalia in 1992, it seemed everyone had a story about torture and gruesome killing allegedly on Ali’s watch, including stories about people being tied to trees and burned alive.

One woman described the scene of her brother being dragged behind a military vehicle until he was “shredded to pieces.”

The Somali journalist who worked with the fifth estate on the 1992 documentary, stands by the original broadcast. Mohamed Urdoh traveled to Gibeley, Somali, with the CBC crew and translated the stories of victims and the eye witness accounts.

“They were telling the truth. They actually show their wounds,” says Urdoh. “They were telling the truth. No doubt.”

Media placeholder

Crimes Against Humanity47:18

Before the war, Ali was a graduate of the Pentagon’s program for foreign officers. At the time of the armed uprising against Siad Barre in the late 1980s, America was braced by the Cold War and, in an effort to keep a country like Somalia away from Soviet influence, it was willing to support and arm Somalia’s military dictatorship, despite its blatant disregard for human rights.

The U.S. military selected and trained the best and brightest of its allies — Ali being one of them.

The case involving Ali is now with the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals in Virginia and a decision is expected soon.

 

Source: CBCNews

 

Somaliland1991

 

Yusuf Abdi Ali : The Colonel – the fifth estate CBC News

Publicerades den 29 jan. 2016

In 1992, in Crimes Against Humanity, the fifth estate first exposed the presence in Canada of an alleged war criminal: a colonel in the Somalia army, accused of brutal war crimes in that country’s brutal civil strife. His name was Yusuf Abdi Ali. Villagers in Somalia claimed he burned people alive, tied people to military vehicles and dragged them to their deaths. Within a week of our program, he was deported from Canada.

 

Source: CBC News

Somaliland1991

Somaliland Genocide 1988 The names of Generals who commited war crime and Genocide In Somaliland

Magacyada qaar ka mid ah Raggii Xasuuqa u geystay Ummadda Somaliland – print


Date:Sunday, December 23 @ 07:58:32 CET

“Anaa amray in magaalooyinka iyo wixii ku hoos jiraba la masaxo oo la burburiyo”. “Cadowbay ahaayeen gidigood Caruur,Haween iyo Ciroolaba ,kolkaa  in la xasuuqaa waxa ay aheyd waajib wadaani ah”.Waxa ay ka midka yihiin hadalada ay isku difaacaan dhagar qabayaashii maatida iyo masaakiinta xasuuqay iyagoo kalsooni qaba oo cidna wax iskaga tirrin.
General, Siyaad Barre

 

General Ali Samatar


General, Morgan

General Gaani

General Yusud Abdi Ali, Tuke

General Dafle

 

General, Adan Gobye

General Dafle

 

 

Cali Samarat.

Adan Gobyow.    Gaani.   Tuke.        Dafle/ Cadde Muuse.        Xassan Turki

By A.Aw Hussein
( An eye witness during the bombardement of cities in 1988)

Waxa aan halkan kusoo gudbinayaa liiska magacyada qaar ka mid ah dambiilayaashii xasuuqa u geystay  shacabka Somaliland.Waa ashkhaas  qofkasta oo Somalilander ahba uu xil kasaaranyahay sidii  sharciga loola tiigsan lahaa.

Fadllan ciddii heysa magacyo kale iyo macluumaad dheeraad ahba waxa laga  doonayaa in ay u gudbiyaan xukuumadda Somaliland iyo hayadaha ku shuqulka leh daba galka iyo ururinta xogahii falalkaa foosha xumaa ee lagula kacay ummadda.Waxa laga yaabaa in dadka qaarkii yidhaa dambiilayaasha nool la garaye kuwii xijaabtay maxaa laga wadwadaa.Kuwa dhintay laftooda waa in lala tiigsadaa cadaaladda oo la xukumaa iyagoo iilka kujira (posthumous trial).Waxa aan halkan ku sheegayaa in dambiyadda reer Somaliland laga galay aan lasoo koobi karrin waxase haboon in marka hore lasoo ururiyo kuwa gaadhsiisan heerka xasuuq aadanimo (genocidal crimes),Dabadeed kuwa kalena loo hawl galo iyagana.

 

 

Magaca Dambiilaha
Xilka uu hayey
Dambiga uu geystay
Cadeymo
Halka uu imika joogo
1
General Moxamed Siyaad Barre
Madaxweyne
Xasuuq.dad gaadhaya ilaa 100 000 oo ruux.
Dumintii  magaalooyinka.iwm
Isagu malaha uma baahna cadeyn, oo cid ka mormi kartaa ma jirto hagardaamadii uu somalida iyo geeska Afrikaba u geystay
Dhimay
2
General Maxamed Ali Samater
Madaxwayne ku xigeen
Xasuuq.dad gaadhaya ilaa 100 000 oo ruux.
Dumintii  magaalooyinka iwm
Afkiisa ayuu ka qirtay in uu amarka dambiyadaa in dadka lagula kaco uu hormoodayaasha ka mid ahaa.
Wareysiyow uu warbaahinta siiyo oo uu ku sheego dadkii la xasuuqay in ay cadowga dalka ahaayeen.
USA
3
General Aden Gabyow
Wasiirka  Gaashaandhiga
Xasuuq.dad gaadhaya ilaa 100 000 oo ruux.
Dumintii magaalooyinka iwm
Wasiirkii tala bixinta iyo kolba hawshu halka ay mareyso sida tooska ah uu General Morgan ugusoo tabin jiray ee ku dhiiri galiyay in uu hawsha halkaa kasii wado.
Dhimay
4
Maxamed Saciid Xirsi (Morgan)
also known as the butcher of Hargeisa
Taliyihii GobolkaW/G.&Q/Ciidamadii 26X/D
Xasuuq.dad gaadhaya ilaa 100 000 oo ruux .
Burburiskii magaalooyinka.
Maskacdii ka dambeysay dabar goynta ummadeed.
Masuulkii tooska u hogaaminayay duqeyntii magaalooyinka.
1)Copy warqadii dabargoynta .
2)Xabaalo wadareedyada wadanka ku filiqsan.
3)Duuliyihii baxsaday oo markhaati nool ah..
4) Wareysiyow uu warbaahinta siiyo oo ku sheego dadkii la xasuuqay in ay cadow ahaayeen oo istaahileen in sidaa laga yeelo.
Somalia/ Mogadishu
5
Mohamed Hashi Gani
Taliyihii GobolkaW/G.&Q/Ciidamadii 26X/D
Tacdiibta shacabka reer Somaliland nin garaado ku qaatay oo lagu abaal mariyey.Iyo dilal badan oo uu geystay kolkii uu gobolka Hargeisa badhasaabka ka ahaa Morgan hortii.
Mj.Cabsillaahi Asker oo uu sigaar shidan uu ku bakhtiiyey oo uu nolosha ku ciqaabay ayaa nool.
Dhimay
6
Colone Yussuf Abdi Ali  Tuke
Sarkaal Ciidamadii X/D G/W
Waa ninkii dadka nolosha ku aasay ee ceelal biyo ah ku duugay.
Waxa si dhib yar loo heli karaa  eheladii dadkaa uu ceelasha ku aasay
USA OR Canada
7
General Canjeex
Sarkaal Ciidamadii X/D Banaadir
Xasuuqii Xeebta Jazira.47 qof oo lasoo heyb soocay ayaa ciidan uu wataa dhagta dhiiga u daraan xeebta Jazira.
Nin ka badbaaday xasuuqaa ayaa nool
MDDLE  EAST, EUROPE or USA
8
Colonel Abdulaaziz
Taliyihii ciidanka gobolada woqooyi. Morgan dabadii
Xasuuq.dad gaadhaya ilaa 100 000 oo ruux .
Burburiskii magaalooyinka.
Masuulkii tooska u hogaaminayay duqeyntii magaalooyinka iyo tuulooyin.
Tuulooyin badan oo firxadkii dadkii magaalooyinka ka qaxay ay tageen ayaa jira oo dad iyo duunyoba wixii ku noolaa uu xagga kale u rogay .
Somalia/
Caabudwaaq.
9
Colonel Xassan Turki
Sarkaal ka tirsanaa xoogga dalka
Gacan yarayaashii  Morgan kolkii uu fulinayaey operation kii dabargoynta ummadda.
Cadeymaha loo hayo waxa ka mid ah cadhada wali uu u qabo reer Somaliland .Ninkaas oo imika sheegta wadaad waxa uu iclaamiyay in uu dagaal ku qaadayo ummadda Somaliland kol uu niman maxaakiim la baxay uu hogaankooda sar sare ka mid ahaa.
Unknown
10
Colonel Ahmed Soleiman Dafleh
Minister of Interior (long served as the head of the dreaded NSS)
Kuwa ay cadaawad aan la garaneynin ku gaamurtay.Wuxu ahaa nimankii colaadda beelaha Somalia aadka u huriyay.
Wuxu ka midka ahaa raga talada xasuuqa raarka dambe u fadhiyey ee kolba sida wax loo qabanyo tilmaamayey
ASMARA/ ERETREA

Source: Somalilandpatriots.

Yusuf Abdi Ali : The Colonel – the fifth estate General Tuke

Publicerades den 29 jan. 2016

In 1992, in Crimes Against Humanity, the fifth estate first exposed the presence in Canada of an alleged war criminal: a colonel in the Somalia army, accused of brutal war crimes in that country’s brutal civil strife. His name was Yusuf Abdi Ali. Villagers in Somalia claimed he burned people alive, tied people to military vehicles and dragged them to their deaths. Within a week of our program, he was deported from Canada.

 

WAR-SAXAAFADEED-Taariikh: – 27/12/2015 Go’aamo ay soo saartay Xukuumadda Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland oo la xidhiidha adkaynta Amniga iyo Nabadgelyada Dalka.

WAR-SAXAAFADEED-Taariikh: – 27/12/2015
Go’aamo ay soo saartay Xukuumadda Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland oo la xidhiidha adkaynta Amniga iyo Nabadgelyada Dalka.

Shir ay yeesheen Golaha Wasiirrada Xukuumadda JSL oo uu shir-guddominayay Madaxwaynaha JSL, lana qabtay24/12/2015, kana dhacay hoolka shirarka ee Madaxtoyada, ujeedadiisuna ahayd adkaynta nabadgalyada iyo amniga qaranka, gaar ahaan ilaalinta xuduudaha dalka (Cir, Bad iyo Berriba) iyo khataraha ka iman kara isu socodka, ayaa waxa lagaga dooday qodobada hoos ku xusan:
1) Arrimaha Isu-socodka Jam. Somaliland iyo Soomaaliya,
2) Adkaynta Xuduudaha ay Somaliland la leedahay dalalka deriska ah,
3) Ka hortagga Tahriibayaasha dhexmara Jam. Somaliland,
4) Dadka Ajaanibka ah ee sida sharci-darrada ah ku jooga Somaliland,

Haddaba, Golaha Wasiirradu markii ay si miisaaman oo qoto dheer uga doodeen ugana baaraan dageen arrimaha Isu-socodka dalalka deriska ah, isla markaana ay si qoto dheer ugu kuur galeen xaaladda haatan taagan ee la xidhiidha Dadka Ajaanibka ah ee Dalka Sharci-darrada ku jooga iyo Qul-qulka Tahriibayaasha iyo dadka wax tahriibiya, waxay go’aamiyeen qodoban hoos ku xusan.

GO’AAMADA GOLAHA WASIIRRADA

1. Dadka u dhashay Dalka Soomaaliya ee u kala Safraya labada dal:

Dadka u dhashay Dalka Soomaaliya waxaa laga rabaa:
a) In ay haystaan aqoonsi buuxa (passport) si ay uga soo deggaan garoomada dalka Jam. Somaliland ama uga soo galaan xuduudaha kale.
b) Qofkii ka dhoofaya garoomada Somaliland ee aan haysan passport waa in uu ka soo qaato xafiiska socdaalka “Somaliland Immigration Office” warqadda socdaalka ee ku laabashada dalkiisa “Go Home Paper” ka hor inta aanu goosan ticket-ka duulista uu ku laabanayo.
c) Dadka reer Soomaaliya, si loogu fududeeyo looguna dhiirigeliyo inay sticmaalaan Passport-ka dalkooda (Soomaaliya), qiimaha gelidda dalka “Entry Fee” waxa laga dhigay $15 (shan iyo toban Dollar) qofkiiba.

2. Muwaadiniinta Jam. Soomaliland ee u kala Safraya labada dal:
Muwaadiniinta Jam. Soomaliland ee u socdaalaya Dalka Soomaliya “Marka laga reebo inta aan xeerararka JSL u oggolayn” waxa looga baahan yahay in ay haystaan:
a) Passport-ka Dalka Jam. Somaliland, hadii kale Ticket looma goyn doono ama
b) Warqada aqoonsiga jinsiyadda muwaadinka Jam. Somaliland (ID),

Muwaadinka u dhashay Jam. Somaliland ee ku soo noqonaya dalka waxaa looga baahan yahay:
a) In uu haysto/in ay haysato Passport Jam. Somaliland ama
b) Warqada aqoonsiga jinsiyadda muwaadinka Jam. Somaliland (ID) ama
c) In uu keeno/ in ay keento qof dammiin ah oo isaga/iyada garanaya in uu yahay /in ay tahay muwaadin u dhashay Jam. Somaliland ah, isla markaana uu soo buuxiyo/ ay soo buuxiso Warqadda Macluumaadka Shaqsiga oo ay bixin doonaan Shirkadaha Diyaaraduhu.

3. Arrinta Dadka Ajaanibka ah ee Sharci-darrada ku jooga Dalka iyo Qul-qulka Tahriibayaasha:

1) Waxa reeban in qof ajaanib ahi uu dalka iska soo galo bilaa Fiise (Cir, Bad iyo Berri)’ fiisaha dalka lagu soo galayo waxa laga bixin doonaa marinka ugu horeeya ee uu qofku Jam. Somaliland ka soo galayo, iyadoo si degan loo hubinayo. Sidoo kale, Fiisaha dalka lagu soo galayo waxa uu qofku ka soo qaadan karaa dalka uu ka imanayo isagoo maraya Xafiiska Somaliland uga furan dalkaas.
2) Waxa reeban in dadka shisheeyaha ah ee aan isir ahaan u dhalan JSL ay sharci-darro ku joogaan dalka. Laga bilaabo 01.01.2016 ruux kasta oo sharci-darro ku jooga JSL waa in uu kaga baxo 30 cisho gudahood, ama waa in uu muddadaa gudaheeda ku qaato Warqadda Oggolaanshaha Degganaanshaha Dalka. Muddadaa kaddib, Hay’adaha Ammaanka ee ay arrintani khusayso waxa ku waajib ah inay qofka ka saaraan Dalka Jam. Somaliland.

3) Laga bilaabo 01.01.2016-ka, go’aamada ka soo baxay Xukuumaddu waxay si rasmi ah u mamnuucayaan in Goobaha Ganacsiga sida Hoteellada la seexdo, Xawaaladaha, Guryaha la kireeyo, Macraddada Baabuurta, iwm ay qofka u adeegaan ilaa ay si buuxda u hubiyaan sugnaanshihiisa oo ay waydiiyaan aqoonsi “ID card” isla markaana ay nuqul ka reebaan aqoonsigiisa.
4) Laga bilaabo 01.01.2016-ka, go’aamada ka soo baxay Xukuumaddu waxay si rasmi ah u mamnuucayaa in Shirkadaha Telefoonnada iyo Is-gaadhsiintu ay iibiyaan sim-card-ka telefoonka aqoonsi la’aan. Cid kasta oo loo furayo khadka telefoonka waa in la diwaangeliyo, koobi aqoonsigooda ahna laga reebo.
5) Xukuumadda JSL waxay shacbi weynaha Jam. Somalilandka ku adkaynaysaa inay feejignaadaan kana wada shaqeeyaan sugitaanka amniga iyo xasiloonida dalkooda. Sidoo kale, Xukuumaddu waxay shacbi weynaha ku wargelinaysaa inay u hoggaansamaan go’aannada cusub isla markaana ay buuxda ula shaqeeyaan Hay’adaha Qaranka ee amniga ku hawlan.
6) Waxa reeban in qof ajaanib ahi wax shaqo ah ka qabto Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland ruqsad la’aan. Cid kasta oo aan u dhalan dalkan, waxa ku waajib ah in ay qaadato Warqadda Ruqsadda Shaqada. Laga bilaabo 01.01.2016-ka, qof kasta oo Ajaanib ah oo ka shaqeeya Dalka (nooc kasta oo ay tahayba) waa inuu muddo ku siman 30 cisho ku qaato Warqadda Ruqsadda Shaqada“Work Permit”. Muddadaa kaddib, Hay’adaha Ammaanka ee ay arrintani khusayso waxa ku waajib ah inay qofka ka joojiyaan shaqada uu hayo, haddii aanu lahayn sharcina ay Dalka ka saaraan.
7) Wasaaradda Arrimaha Gudaha (Laanta Socdaalka) iyo Hay’adaha kale ee ay arrintani khusayso waa in ay kormeer joogto ah ku sameeyaan meel marinta iyo fulinta go’aamadan saamaynta ku leh arrimaha nabadgelyada dalka.
8) Iyadoo laga duulayo xaaladaha amniga mandaqada Geeska Afrika, dhinaca kalena mudnaanta la siinayo nolosha iyo daryeelka muwaadiniinta JSL, Xukuumadda JSL waxay si cad ugu digeysaa Tahriibayaasha dalkeeda dhex mara. Ciidamada iyo Hay’adaha kale ee ammaanka waxa la farayaa in ay ka qaadaan tallaabada ku habboon.

ALLAA MAHAD LEH

Xuseen Aadan Cige (Xuseen Deyr)
Af-hayeenka Madaxweynaha JSL.

Xafiiska Af-hayeenka M JSLs foto.
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Shãrmäké Sūldâñ Yûsüff
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Alle xilkaa ad qaranka u haysaaan ha idiiin fudaydiyo

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Dadka bilicda wax yeelaya ee dawarsiga dadka ku waalay halaga saaro dalka

Maxmed Mulac Abdilahi
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Dhamac Ibraahim Cabdullaahi
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Drsaed Royal Martiilaaq
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Mohamed Cabdiraxmaan
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Axmed Suleiman
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Abdihakem Elmi
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Abdiqani Egeh
Hamdi Muse
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